1.Leek, I. Structural birth defects. In: Pless, IB (ed). The epidemiology of childhood disorders. Oxford University Press, New York, 1994.
2.Nolan, T, Pless, B.Emotional correlates and consequences of birth defects. J Pediatrics 1986; 109: 201–216.
3.Eksi, A, Molzan, J, Savasir, I, Guler, N.Psychological adjustment of children with mild and moderately severe asthma. Eur Child Adoles Psychiatry 1995; 4: 77–84.
4.Inhelder, B, Sinclair, H, Bovet, M.Learning and the development of cognition. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA., 1974. p.3.
5.Lerner, RH.Concepts and theories of human development: The nature and nurture of intelligence. Addison Welsey, Reading, MA., 1976.
6.Myers-Vando, R, Steward, MS, Folkins, CH, Hines, P.The effects of congenital heart disease on cognitive development, illness causality concepts and vulnerability. Am J Orthopsychiat 1979; 49: 617–625.
7.Kramer, HH, Awiszus, D, Sterzel, U, van Halteren, A, Claben, R.Development of personality and intelligence in children with congenital heart disease. J Child Psychol Psychiat 1989; 30: 299–308.
8.Bjornstad, PThe impact of severe congenital heart disease on physical and psychosocial functioning in adolescents. Cardiol Young 1995; 5: 56–62.
9.Utens, EMWJ, Verhulst, FC, Meijboom, FJ et al. Behavioural and emotional problems in children and adolescents with congenital heart disease. Psycho Med 1993; 23: 415–424.
10.Gustafsson, PA, Kjellman, N-IM, Ludvigsson, J, Cederblad, M.Asthma and family interaction. Arch Dis Child 1987; 62: 258–263.
11.Wallander, JL, Varni, JW, Babani, L, Banis, HT, Wilcox, KT.Family resources as resistance factors for psychological malad-justment in chronically ill and handicapped children. J Pediatr Psychol 1989; 14: 157–173.
12.Linde, LM.Psychiatric aspects of congenital heart disease. Psychiatric Clinics of North America 1982; 5: 399–405.
13.Warnes, CA, Sommerville, JS.Tricuspid atresia in adolescents and adults; current states and late complication. British Heart Journal 1986; 56: 535–543.
14.Ollendick, TH.The Fear Survey Schedule for Children — Revised. Unpublished manuscript, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana, 1978.
15.Last, CG, Francis, G, Strauss, CC.Assessing fears in anxiety-disordered children with the Revised Fear Survey Schedule for Children (FSSC-R). J Clin Child Psychol 1989; 18: 137–141.
16.Ollendick, TH.Reliability and validity of the Revised Fear Survey Schedule for Children (FSSC-R). Behav Res Therapy 1983; 21: 685–692.
17.Reynolds, CR, Richmond, BO.Revised Children‘s Manifest Anxiety Scale. Western Psychological Services, Los Angeles, 1978.
18.Reynolds, CR, Paget, KD.National normative and reliability data for the revised Children‘s Manifest Anxiety Scale. School Psychol Rev 1983; 12: 324–336.
19.King, N, Gullone, E, Ollendick, T.Fears in children and adolescents with chronic medical conditions. J Clin Child Psychol 1990; 19: 173–177.
20.Kovacks, M.Children‘s Depression Inventory. Multi-Health Systems, Inc., Toronto, 1992.
21.Curry, JF, Craighead, WE.Attributional style and self-reported depression among adolescent inpatients. Child and Family Behavioural Therapy 1990; 12: 89–93.
22.Eason, LJ, Finch, AJ Jr, Brasted, W, Saylor, CF.The assessment of depression and anxiety in hospitalized pediattic patients. Child Psychiatry and Human Development 1985; 16: 57–64.
23.Achenbach, TM.Manual for the Child Behaviour Checklist/4–18 and 1991 profile. University of Vermont, Burlington, VT., 1991.
24.Achenbach, TM, Edelbrock, C.Manual for the Child Behaviour Checklist and Revised Child Behaviour Profile. University of Vermont, Burlington, VT., 1983.
25.Spielberger, CD, Gorsuch, RL, Lushen, R, Vagg, PR, Jacobs, GA.State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Form Y). Consulting Psychologists Press, Inc., Palo Alto, CA., 1983.
26.Butz, A, Alexander, C.Anxiety in children with asthma. J Asthma 1993; 30: 199–209.
27.Blishen, BR, Carroll, WK, Moore, C.The 1981 socioeconomic index for occupations in Canada. Can Rev Sociol Anthropol 1987; 24: 465–488.
28.Hambley, J, Brazil, K, Furrow, D, Chaa, YY.Demographic and psychosocial characteristics of asthmatic children in a Canadian rehabilitation setting. J Asthma 1989; 26: 167–175.
29.DeMaso, DR, Campis, LJ et al. The Impact of Maternal Perceptions and Medical Severity on the Adjustment of Childten with Congenital Heart Disease. J Pediatt Psychol 1991; 16: 137–149.
30.Linde, LM, Rasof, B, Dunn, OJ, Rabb, E.Attitudinal factors in congenital heart disease. Pediatrics 1966; 38: 92–101.
31.Linde, LM.Physical and emotional aspects of congenital heart disease in children. Am J Cardiol 1971; 27: 712–713.
32.Garson, SL, Baer, P. Psychological aspects of heart disease in Childhood. In: Garson, A, Bricker, jj, McNarmara, DG (eds). Science and Practice of Pediatric Cardiology. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, 1990.
33.Spuckland, I. Mental health and psychosocial functioning in adolescents with congenital heart disease. A comparison between adolescents born with severe heart defect and atrial septal defect. Acta Paediatr 1993; 82: 71–76.
34.Garson, A, Williams, RB, Reckless, L: Long-term follow-up with patients with tetralogy of Fallot. Physical health and psy- chopathology. J Pediatr 1974; 85: 429–433.