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Commentary on the required skills for ambulatory cardiac care in the young: is training necessary?*

  • Jeffrey R. Boris (a1)


Extensive supplemental training exists for many subspecialty disciplines within fellowship training for paediatric cardiology in the United States of America. These disciplines, or domains, such as echocardiography, cardiac intensive care, interventional cardiology, and electrophysiology, allow for initial exposure and training during the basic 3 years of fellowship, plus mandate a 4th year of advanced training; however, ambulatory cardiology has no in-depth or additional training beyond the basic clinical exposure during fellowship training. Ambulatory cardiology is not included in the recommended scheduling of the various domains of cardiology training. This document reviews the reasons to consider augmenting the depth and breadth of training in ambulatory paediatric cardiology.


Corresponding author

Correspondence to: Dr J. R. Boris, MD, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Division of Cardiology, 3401 Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States of America. Tel: 215-590-3180; Fax: 267-426-5324; E-mail:


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Presented at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia Cardiology 2015: 18th Annual Update on Pediatric and Congenital Cardiovascular Disease: “Challenges and Dilemmas”, Scottsdale, Arizona, United States of America, Wednesday February 11, 2015 – Sunday, February 15, 2015.



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