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Anatomy and echocardiography of the normal and abnormal tricuspid valve

  • Richard M. Martinez (a1), Patrick W. O'Leary (a2) and Robert H. Anderson (a3)


Perhaps because it guards the inlet to the lesser circulation, the morphologically tricuspid valve has received less attention in terms of its anatomy than the well-explored mitral valve, which will receive attention in a subsequent review in this supplement.1 As we will show in our initial review, nonetheless, the approach to morphological analysis is the same for both valves, irrespective of whether the specific morphology is displayed in the autopsy room or the echocardiographic laboratory. It is essential that the valve be analysed so as to reveal the precise structure of each if its components – the so-called valvar complex.2 Equally important, in the current era, with the burgeoning use of three-dimensional displays that place the heart firmly within the context of the body, it is essential that the components of the valve be described as seen relative to the bodily axis,3 rather than following the present custom of describing the heart as though it is removed from the body and positioned on its own apex.


Corresponding author

Correspondence to: Richard M. Martinez MD, The Congenital Heart Institute of Florida (CHIF), Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Pediatric Cardiology Associates I, Affiliation with The University of South Florida, 100 First Street South, #550, St. Petersburg, FL 33701, United States of America. Tel: +1 727 892 4200; Fax: +1 727 502 8043; E-mail:


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Anatomy and echocardiography of the normal and abnormal tricuspid valve

  • Richard M. Martinez (a1), Patrick W. O'Leary (a2) and Robert H. Anderson (a3)


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