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A novel percutaneously adjustable device for ligature of the vertical vein in the setting of obstructive totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 June 2007

Ujjwal K. Chowdhury*
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiothoracic & Vascular Surgery, Cardiothoracic Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
Anand Mishra
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiothoracic & Vascular Surgery, Cardiothoracic Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
Anita Saxena
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Cardiothoracic Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
Shyam S. Kothari
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Cardiothoracic Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
Amber Malhotra
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiothoracic & Vascular Surgery, Cardiothoracic Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
Rajiv Mahajan
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Cardiothoracic Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
Jayanth H.V. Honnakere
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiothoracic & Vascular Surgery, Cardiothoracic Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
Panangipalli Venugopal
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiothoracic & Vascular Surgery, Cardiothoracic Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
*
Correspondence to: Dr Ujjwal K. Chowdhury, M.Ch., Diplomate NB, Additional Professor, Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi-110029, India. Tel: +91 11 26588700, 91 11 26588500 Ext. 4835; Fax: +91 11 26588663, 26588641 E-mail: ujjwalchow@rediffmail.com, ujjwalchowdhury@gmail.com

Abstract

Background

A patent vertical vein might be desirable in patients with obstructive totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection with pulmonary hypertension, in order to decrease perioperative pulmonary arterial pressure and avoid pulmonary hypertensive crises. A subset of patients with an unligated vertical vein requires interruption of the vein due to the development of significant left-to-right shunt and right heart failure. We describe here a new device, permitting adjustable ligation of the vertical vein, which permits us to avoid multiple reoperations.

Patients and methods

In five patients, aged 2, 4, 3, 4, and 3 months respectively, and undergoing rechannelling of totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection with an unligated vertical vein, were treated with a device permitting adjusted ligation of the vertical vein over the course of postoperative congestive cardiac failure.

Results

There was no early or late death. Postoperatively, all ligatures were tightened gradually over a period of 24 to 96 hours, maintaining stable haemodynamics. At a mean follow-up of 55.40 months, there was no evidence of congestive heart failure in any patient, the clinical risk score varying from zero to 2, and no requirement of anti-failure medications. Computed tomographic angiograms during follow-up revealed absence of flow through the vertical vein, and ruled out distortion of the left upper pulmonary and left brachiocephalic veins.

Conclusion

Use of a percutaneously adjustable device to ligate the vertical vein allows gradual tightening or loosening of the ligature under optimal physiologic conditions, without re-opening the sternum, or having to resort to another thoracotomy once the reactive components of pulmonary hypertension disappear.

Type
Original Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2007

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References

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A novel percutaneously adjustable device for ligature of the vertical vein in the setting of obstructive totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection
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