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Autonomic responses induced by aerobic submaximal exercise in obese and overweight adolescents

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 February 2019

Milana D. R. Santana
Affiliation:
Nucleus of Studies in Physiological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Juazeiro do Norte, Juazeiro do Norte, CE, Brazil
Brian Kliszczewicz
Affiliation:
Department of Exercise Science and Sport Management, Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, GA, USA
Franciele M. Vanderlei
Affiliation:
Post-Graduate Program in Physical Therapy, UNESP, Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil
Larissa R. L. Monteiro
Affiliation:
Nucleus of Studies in Physiological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Juazeiro do Norte, Juazeiro do Norte, CE, Brazil
Eli Carlos Martiniano
Affiliation:
Nucleus of Studies in Physiological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Juazeiro do Norte, Juazeiro do Norte, CE, Brazil
Yasmim M. de Moraes
Affiliation:
Nucleus of Studies in Physiological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Juazeiro do Norte, Juazeiro do Norte, CE, Brazil
Luana B. Mangueira
Affiliation:
Nucleus of Studies in Physiological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Juazeiro do Norte, Juazeiro do Norte, CE, Brazil
Guilherme C. Alcantara
Affiliation:
Nucleus of Studies in Physiological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Juazeiro do Norte, Juazeiro do Norte, CE, Brazil
José Ramon A. da Silva
Affiliation:
Nucleus of Studies in Physiological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Juazeiro do Norte, Juazeiro do Norte, CE, Brazil
Cicero Jonas R. Benjamim
Affiliation:
Nucleus of Studies in Physiological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Juazeiro do Norte, Juazeiro do Norte, CE, Brazil
Fernando R. Oliveira
Affiliation:
Post-Graduate Program in Physical Therapy, UNESP, Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil Department of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
Vitor E. Valenti
Affiliation:
Post-Graduate Program in Physical Therapy, UNESP, Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil Autonomic Nervous System Center (CESNA), UNESP, Marilia, SP, Brazil
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Background

Graded exercises tests are performed in adult populations; nonetheless, the use of this type of assessment is greatly understudied in overweight and obese adolescents.

Objective

To investigate heart rate autonomic responses to submaximal aerobic exercise in obese and overweight adolescents.

Methods

We recruited 40 adolescents divided into two groups: (1) overweight group comprising 10 boys and 10 girls between Z-score +1 and +2 and (2) obese group comprising 10 boys and 10 girls above Z-score >+2. Heart rate variability was analysed before (T1) and after exercise (T2–T4) on treadmill at a slope of 0%, with 70% of the maximal estimated heart rate (220 – age) for 20 minutes.

Results

Heart rate in the overweight group was: 93.2±10.52 bpm versus 120.8±13.49 bpm versus 94.6±11.65 bpm versus 93.0±9.23 bpm, and in the obese group was: 92.0±15.41 bpm versus 117.6±16.31 bpm versus 92.1±12.9 bpm versus 91.8±14.33 bpm. High frequency in the overweight group was: 640±633.1 ms2 versus 84±174.66 ms2 versus 603.5±655.31 ms2 versus 762.6±807.21 ms2, and in the obese group was: 628.4±779.81 ms2 versus 65.4±119.34 ms2 versus 506.2±482.70 ms2 versus 677.9±939.05 ms2; and root mean square of successive differences in the overweight group was: 37.9±18.81 ms versus 10.9±8.41 ms versus 32.8±24.07 ms versus 36.7±21.86 ms, and in the obese group was: 38.7±23.17 ms versus 11.5±8.62 ms versus 32.3±16.74 ms versus 37.3±24.21 ms. These values significantly changed during exercise compared with resting values in overweight and obese groups. Moreover, we also reported no significant difference of resting parasympathetic control of heart rate between obese and overweight adolescents.

Conclusion

There was no significant difference of autonomic responses elicited by submaximal aerobic exercise between overweight and obese adolescents.

Type
Original Article
Copyright
© Cambridge University Press 2019 

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Footnotes

Cite this article: Santana MDR, Kliszczewicz B, Vanderlei FM, Monteiro LRL, Martiniano EC, de Moraes YM, Mangueira LB, Alcantara GC, da Silva JRA, Benjamim CJR, Oliveira FR, Valenti VE. (2019) Autonomic responses induced by aerobic submaximal exercise in obese and overweight adolescents. Cardiology in the Young29: 169–173. doi: 10.1017/S1047951118002007

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