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Associations among Physician Advice, Physical Activity, and Socio-demographic Groups in Older Spanish Adults*

  • María Martín Rodríguez (a1), Jesús Martínez del Castillo (a1), José Antonio Serrano Sánchez (a2), José Emilio Jiménez-Beatty Navarro (a3), José Antonio Santacruz (a3) and Antonio Rivero Herráiz (a1)...

Abstract

This study examined the relationship between medical advice to engage in physical activity with type of demand required by physical activity and demographic variables. A cross-sectional study was developed, featuring a questionnaire on physicians’ advice, and type of demand. The questionnaire was completed by a probability and nationwide sample of older adults in Spain (n = 933, M = 74.1, range 65–93), randomly selected using multistage sampling. More physically active older adults have, more often than the less active, received physicians’ advice to engage in physical activity. There is a significant relationship between medical advice and type of demand (p < .01) and age (p < .05). However, no relationship was found between physician medical advice and gender, social class, or income. Physicians can effectively promote physical activity among sedentary older adults through appropriate advice. Consequently, health authorities should promote physicians’ advising older patients to pursue physical activity.

Cette étude a examiné la relation entre l’avis médicale pour s’engager dans ld’activité physique avec, le type de demande d’activité physique et les variables démographiques. Une étude transversale a été élaborécréé. Un questionnaire avec des items sur l’avis médicale, le niveau de demande pour l’activité physique, et les variables démographiques a été complété par une échantillon national de personnes âgées en Espagne (N = 933, M = 74,1, range de 65 à 93), sélectionnées de manière aléatoire à plusieurs étapes. Les personnes âgées actifs actives physiquement ont plus souvent reçu des avis médicale médicaux à la pratiquepour s’engager dans ld’activité physique que les personnes non activefs. Il existe une relation significative entre l’avis médicale et le type de demande (p <.01) et l’âge (p <.05). Cependant, aucune relation n’a été trouvée déterminée entre l’avis médicale d’activité physique et le sexe, la classe sociale, ou le revenu. Les médécins peuvent effectivement favoriserencourager l’activité physique chez les adultes âgés sédentaires par des conseils d’activité physiqueavec un résultat efficace. Donc, les autorités sanitaires devraient promouvoir encourager aux médécins de conseiller à leurs patients plus âgés de s’engager dans l’activité physiqueles conseils médicaux de l’activité physique à leurs patients âgés.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence and requests for offprints should be sent to / La correspondance et les demandes de tirés-à-part doivent être adressées à: Jesús Martínez del Castillo, Ph.D. Department of Physical Activity and Social Sciences 7 Martín Fierro Polytechnic University of Madrid Madrid, Spain 28040 (jesus.martinezd@upm.es)

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We thank the research participants for their cooperation. We received support for research, and/or authorship of this article, through work supported by the Ministry of Education and Science (Spain) and European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) European funds (National Research Plan I+D+i DEP2005-00161-C03); aid to support research and development lines of research groups at the Polytechnic University of Madrid (UPM05-C-11 203); and Aid for Research Projects University of Alcalá.

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References

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Associations among Physician Advice, Physical Activity, and Socio-demographic Groups in Older Spanish Adults*

  • María Martín Rodríguez (a1), Jesús Martínez del Castillo (a1), José Antonio Serrano Sánchez (a2), José Emilio Jiménez-Beatty Navarro (a3), José Antonio Santacruz (a3) and Antonio Rivero Herráiz (a1)...

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