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Measurement of Psychological Hardiness in Older Adults

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 November 2010

Kevin McNeil
Memorial University of Newfoundland
Albert Kozma
Memorial University of Newfoundland
M. J. Stones
Memorial University of Newfoundland
E. Hannah
Memorial University of Newfoundland


Findings are presented on the psychometric properties of a short psychological hardiness measure using subjects predominantly aged over 60 years. The sample of 223 participants was administered the hardiness questionnaire and other instruments twice, with a one-year test-retest interval. First-order factor analysis yielded three factors termed challenge, control, and commitment. Second-order factor analysis revealed a single main factor of general hardiness on which all the first-order components loaded highly. Both internal consistency and test-retest forms of reliability were in the range 0.6 to 0.7. Concurrent validity was illustrated by significant correlations between hardiness and measures of happiness and adjustment.


Nous présentons les propriétés psychométriques d'une courte mesure de vigueur psychologique appliquée à des sujets âgés de plus de 60 ans. Le questionnaire de vigueur a été administré à deux reprises, à un an de distance, à une population comprenant 223 participants. L'analyse factorielle du premier ordre livre trois facteurs: défi, maîtrise, et engagement. L'an se factorielle du second ordre livre un facteur de vigueur générale unique hautement chargé des facteurs du premier ordre. Les mesures de cohérence interne et de fiabilité obtenues au moyen d'un test-retest sont de l'ordre de 0,6 à 0,7. La validité est illustrée par la corrélations significative entre la mesure de la vigueur et celles du bonheur et de l'adaptation.

Copyright © Canadian Association on Gerontology 1986

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