Rivara, F, Thompson, DC, Patterson, MQ, Thompson, RS. Prevention of bicycle-related injuries: helmets, education, and legislation. Annu Rev Public Health. 1998;19:293-318.
Thompson, RS, Rivara, FP, Thompson, DS. A case-control study of the effectiveness of bicycle safety helmets. N Engl J Med. 1989;320:1361-1366.
McCarthy, M. Do cycle helmets prevent serious head injury? Cycling without helmets. BMJ. 1992;305:881-882.
Hillman, M. Cycle Helmets: The Case for and Against. London, United Kingdom: Policy Studies Institute; 1993.
Thompson, DC, Rivara, FP, Thompson, R. Helmets for preventing head and facial injuries in bicyclists. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2000;(2):CD001855.
Henderson, M. Bicycle Helmet Effectiveness: A Review. Australia: Motor Accidents Authority of New South Wales; 1995.
Attewell, RG, Glase, K, McFadden, M. Bicycle helmet efficacy: a metaanalysis. Accid Anal Prev. 2001;33:345-352.
Elvik, R. Publication bias and time-trend bias in meta-analysis of bicycle helmet efficacy: A re-analysis of Attewell, Glase and McFadden, 2001. Accid Anal Prev. 2011;43:1245-1251.
Persaud, N, Coleman, E, Zwolakowski, D, Lauwers, B, Cass, D. Nonuse of bicycle helmets and risk of fatal head injury: a proportional mortality, case–control study. CMAJ. 2012;184:E921-E923.
Cameron, MH, Vulcan, AP, Finch, CF, Newstead, SV. Mandatory bicycle helmet use following a decade of helmet promotion in Victoria, Australia—an evaluation. Accid Anal Prev. 1994;26:325-337.
Schreiber, RA, Kresnow, MJ, Sacks, JJ, Pledger, EE, O’Neil, JM, Toomey, KE. Effect of a state law on reported bicycle helmet ownership and use. JAMA. 1996;276:1968-1973.
Scuffham, P, Alsop, J, Cryer, C, Langley, JD. Head injuries to bicyclists and the New Zealand bicycle helmet law. Accid Anal Prev. 2000;32:565-573.
LeBlanc, JC, Beattie, TL, Culligan, C. Effect of legislation on the use of bicycle helmets. Can Med Assoc J. 2002;166:592-595.
Macpherson, A, Spinks, A. Bicycle helmet legislation for the uptake of helmet use and prevention of head injuries. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008;(3):CD005401. DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD005401.pub3.
Hagel, BE, Yanchar, NL, Canadian Paediatric Society, Injury Prevention Committee. Bicycle helmet use in Canada: The need for legislation to reduce the risk of head injury. Paediatr Child Health. 2013;18:475-480.