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Underlying Venous Pathology Causing Perimesencephalic Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

  • Jaejoon Lee (a1), Eun-Mi Koh (a1), Chin-Sang Chung (a2), Seung-Chul Hong (a3), Yong-Bum Kim (a4), Pil-Wook Chung (a4), Bum-Chun Suh (a4) and Heui-Soo Moon (a4)...

Abstract

Background:

Perimesencephalic subarachnoid hemorrhage (PSH) is a relatively benign clinical entity with a low risk of recurrent bleeding. The precise etiology of PSH has not yet been determined. We report here three cases of PSH with clinical and radiological features that support a venous system as a cause.

Case Presentation:

The first patient, a 72-year-old woman, had PSH and venous hemorrhagic infarct in the left thalamus on non-contrast CT. Subsequent cerebral angiography revealed widespread thrombosis in the cerebral venous system, a potential cause for reflux overflow hemorrhage. The second patient, a 55-year-old man with an established diagnosis of neuro-Behçet's disease, a well-known cause for cerebral venulitis, presented with PSH one year later. The third patient, a 39-year-old female, with incomplete Behçet's disease was admitted with PSH.

Discussion:

Current concepts on the anatomic origin and the possible pathophysiologic mechanism leading to PSH are discussed. The underlying pathological conditions in the venous system in our cases provide theoretical clues to the anatomic origin of PSH in general.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

Department of Neurology, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea

References

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Underlying Venous Pathology Causing Perimesencephalic Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

  • Jaejoon Lee (a1), Eun-Mi Koh (a1), Chin-Sang Chung (a2), Seung-Chul Hong (a3), Yong-Bum Kim (a4), Pil-Wook Chung (a4), Bum-Chun Suh (a4) and Heui-Soo Moon (a4)...

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