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06 Prognostic factors for survival and recurrence in adult medulloblastoma

  • D. Yusuf, A. Krauze, J. Easaw, A. Murtha, J. Amanie, W. Roa, S. Ghosh, D. Eisenstat and S. Patel...

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Adult medulloblastomas account for less than 1% of adult neoplasms. They are challenging to treat due to their rarity and the heterogeneity of treatment options, all of which have limited evidence. In this retrospective review, we examined cases of adult medulloblastoma diagnosed in Alberta during a 70-year period. METHODS: We reviewed the charts of patients diagnosed with medulloblastoma between 1944 and 2014. We performed Cox and logistic regression analysis to elucidate features that may influence recurrence risk and survival. RESULTS: We found 86 and analyzed 78 cases. The median age at diagnosis was 27 (range 16 to 71). Most were male (68%). Most had surgery (92%). By COG risk stratification, 54% were standard risk while 21% were poor risk. RT was administered to 85% of patients, and craniospinal irradiation (CSI) to 81%. Chemotherapy was administered to 48%. Median survival was 4.4 years from diagnosis (range 0 to 20). At last follow-up, 39% were alive and recurrence-free. Patients who had CSI and posterior fossa boost had longer survival (p=0.047 and<0.01, respectively) and were less likely to recur (p=0.041 and<0.01). Chemotherapy was also associated with decreased recurrence (p=0.025). CONCLUSIONS: Medulloblastomas carry a significant recurrence risk, especially for patients who had subtotal resection. CSI and posterior fossa boost were associated with fewer recurrences and improved survival. COG risk stratification, Chang staging, desmoplastic histology, vermian location, 4th ventricle involvement, tumor enhancement, presence of hydrocephalus and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) involvement are not significantly prognostic.

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