Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Munda mimetic reduplication

  • Jacob B. Phillips (a1) and K. David Harrison (a2)

Abstract

The Munda languages of South Asia exhibit sound symbolism in their use of mimetic reduplication, to which they devote a surprisingly large percentage of their lexicons, typically upwards of ten percent. We present an extensive empirical typology of mimetic reduplication in seven Munda languages: Ho, Kera Mundari, Kharia, Mundari, Remo (Bondo), Santali, and Sora (Savara). Munda Mimetic forms can depict sensory qualities of sound, space, movement, texture, smell, taste, temperature, feelings, and sensations. The typology of mimetic reduplication in Munda varies across syntactic class, semantic domain and phonological form. This can shed light on the breadth of diverse structures in Munda languages, and may also be extrapolated to other languages and other examinations of reduplication and/or mimesis. This work provides a wealth of data to researchers of mimesis and reduplication, challenging the definition of what it means for forms to be sound-symbolic or reduplicated.

Les langues Munda de l'Asie du Sud présentent un symbolisme sonore dans leur utilisation de la réduplication mimétique, qui constitue un pourcentage très élevé – typiquement plus de dix pour cent – de leur lexique. Nous présentons ici une typologie empirique abondante de la réduplication mimétique dans sept langues Munda: le Ho, le Kera Munari, le Kharia, le Mundari, Le Remo (Bondo), le Santali, et le Sora (Savara). Les formes mimétiques des langues Munda peuvent représenter les qualités sensorielles du son, de l'espace, du mouvement, de la texture, de l'odorat, du goût, de la température, des sentiments et des sensations. La typologie de la réduplication mimétique Munda varie selon la catégorie syntaxique, le domaine sémantique et la forme phonologique. Cela peut éclairer la diversité des structures dans les langues Munda, et peut également s'appliquer à d'autres langues et à d'autres études de la réduplication ou de la mimésis. Ce travail fournit aux chercheurs d'abondantes données de mimésis et de réduplication, et complique la définition de ce que cela signifie quand on dit que les formes sont symboliques de manière sonore, ou encore rédupliquées.

Copyright

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
Akita, Kimi. 2009. A grammar of sound-symbolic words in Japanese: Theoretical approaches to iconic and lexical properties of Japanese mimetics. Doctoral dissertation, Kobe University.
Alderete, John, Beckman, Jill, Benua, Laura, Ganadesikan, Amalia, McCarthy, John, and Urbancyzk, Suzanne. 1999. Reduplication with fixed segmentism. Linguistic Inquiry 30(3): 327364.
Alexandre, Pierre. 1966. Préliminaire à une présentation des idéophones Bulu. In Neue Afrikanische Studien, Hamburger Beiträge zur Afrika-Kunde, ed. Lukas, Johannes. Hamburg: Deutsches Institut für Afrika-Forschung.
Anderson, Gregory. 2001. A new classification of Munda: evidence from comparative verb morphology. Indian linguistics 62(1): 2742.
Anderson, Gregory. 2007. The Munda verb. Berlin: De Gruyter.
Anderson, Gregory, and Harrison, K. David. 2008. Sora. In The Munda languages, ed. Anderson, Gregory, 299380. New York: Routledge.
Anderson, Gregory, and Harrison, K. David. 2011. Remo talking dictionary. Salem, OR: Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages. < http://remo.swarthmore.edu/ >
Anderson, Gregory, and Harrison, K. David. 2013a. Kera Mundari talking dictionary. Salem, OR: Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages. <http://www.talkingdictionary.org/keramundari/>
Anderson, Gregory, and Harrison, K. David. 2013b. Kharia talking dictionary. Salem, OR: Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages. <http://talkingdictionary.swarthmore.edu/kharia/>
Anderson, Gregory, and Harrison, K. David. 2013c. Santali talking dictionary. Salem, OR: Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages. <http://talkingdictionary.swarthmore.edu/santali/>
Anderson, Gregory, Harrison, K. David, and Pucilowski, Anna. 2010. Ho talking dictionary. Salem, OR. Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages. <http://ho.swarthmore.edu/>
Bergman, Brita, and Dahl, Osten. 1994. Ideophones in sign language? The place of reduplication in the tense-aspect system of Swedish Sign Language. In Tense, aspect and action: Empirical and theoretical contributions to language typology, ed. Bache, Carl, Basbøll, Hans, and Lindberg, Carl-Erik, 397422. New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
Dingemanse, Mark. 2009. Ideophones in unexpected places. In Proceedings of the 2 nd Conference on Language Documentation and Linguistic Theory, ed. Peter K. Austin, Oliver Bond, and David Nathan, 83–97. London: School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS).
Dingemanse, Mark. 2011. Ezra Pound among the Mawu: Ideophones and iconicity in Siwu. In Semblance and signification, ed. Michelucci, Pascal, Fischer, Olga, and Ljungberg, Christina, 3954. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Dingemanse, Mark. 2012. Advances in the cross-linguistic study of ideophones. Language and Linguistics Compass 6(10): 654672.
Dingemanse, Mark, and Majid, Asifa. 2012. The semantic structure of sensory vocabulary in an African language. In Proceedings of the 34th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2012), ed. Miyake, Naomi, Peebles, David, and Cooper, Richard P., 300305. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
Fischer, Olga. 2011. Cognitive iconic grounding of reduplication in language. In Semblance and signification, ed. Michelucci, Pascal, Fischer, Olga, and Ljungberg, Christina, 5581. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Harrison, K. David, Anderson, Gregory, and Phillips, Jacob. 2011. Sora talking dictionary. Salem, OR.: Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages. <http://sora.talkingdictionary.org/>
Hoffman, John. 1950. Encyclopaedia Mundarica. Patna: Government Press.
Inkelas, Sharon. 2014. Reduplication. In Oxford handbook of derivational morphology, ed. Lieber, Rochelle, and Štekauer, Pavel. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kilian-Hatz, Christa. 1999. Ideophone: Eine typologische Untersuchung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung afrikanischer Sprachen. [A typological study with special focus on African languages] Doctoral dissertation, Universität zu Köln.
Kobayashi, Masato, and Murmu, Ganesh. 2008. Keraʔ Mundari. In The Munda languages, ed. Anderson, Gregory, 299380. New York: Routledge.
Lewis, M. Paul, ed. 2009. Ethnologue: Languages of the world. Dallas: SIL International. <http://www.ethnologue.com/>
McCarthy, John, and Prince, Alan. 1986. Prosodic morphology. Ms., University of Massachusetts, Amherst and Brandeis University.
McNeillie, Janice, Corréard, Marie-Hélène, Valerie Grundy, Marie Ollivier-Caudray, and Donald Watt. 2007. Larousse French–English Dictionary. Paris: Larousse.
Møller, Aage R. 2003. Sensory systems: Anatomy and physiology. London: Academic Press.
Newman, Paul. 1989. Reduplication and tone in Hausa ideophones. In Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, ed. Hall, Kira, Meacham, Michael, and Shapiro, Richard, 248255. Department of Linguistics, University of California, Berkeley.
Phillips, Jacob. 2013. A model and typology of reduplication in Sora. Bachelor's thesis, Swarthmore College.
Raimy, Eric. 2000. The phonology and morphology of reduplication. New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
Ramamurti, Rao Sahib. 1938. Sora-English dictionary. Delhi: Mittal.
Rubino, Carl. 2013. Reduplication. In The world atlas of language structures online, ed. Dryer, Matthew S. and Haspelmath, Martin. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. <http://wals.info/chapter/27/>
Starosta, Stanley. 1992. Sora combining forms and pseudo-compounding. Mon-Khmer studies 18–19: 78105.
Talmy, Leonard. 1996. Fictive motion in language and “ception”. In Language and space, ed. Bloom, Paul, Peterson, Mary, Nadel, Lynn, and Garrett, Merrill, 307384. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Urbanczyk, Suzanne. 1998. A-templatic reduplication in Halq'eméylem. In Proceedings of the Seventeenth West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics, ed. Shahin, Kimary, Blake, Susan, and Kim, Eun-Sook, 655669. Stanford: CSLI Publications.
Vitebsky, Piers. 1993. Dialogues with the dead: The discussion of mortality among the Sora of eastern India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wood, Esther, and Garrett, Andrew. 2001. The semantics of Yurok intensive infixation. In Proceedings from the Fourth Workshop on American Indigenous Languages, ed. Castillo, Jeannie, 112126. Department of Linguistics, University of California, Santa Barbara.
Wortabet, John, and Porter, Harvey. 1995. Arabic English Hippocrene Standard Dictionary. New York: Hippocrene.
Yu, Alan. 2005. Towards a typology of compensatory reduplication. In Proceedings of the 24th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics, ed. Alderete, John, 397405. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.
Zide, Norman. 1969. Munda and non-Munda Austroasiatic languages. In Current Trends in Linguistics 5 , ed. Sebeok, Thomas, 411430. The Hague: Mouton.
Zide, Norman. 1976. A note on GtaP echo forms. Oceanic Linguistics Special Publications 13: Austroasiatic Studies part II: 1335–1343.
Zwicky, Arnold, and Pullum, Geoffrey. 1987. Plain morphology and expressive morphology. In Proceedings of the Thirteenth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, ed. Aske, John, Beery, Natasha, Michaelis, Laura, and Filip, Hana, 330340. Berkeley, CA: University of California Berkeley, Department of Linguistics.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Munda mimetic reduplication

  • Jacob B. Phillips (a1) and K. David Harrison (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.