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When My Community Met the Other: Competing Concepts of “Community” in Restorative Justice

  • Won Kyung Chang (a1)

Abstract

In restorative justice theory, the concept of “community” looms large, since it is the locus of the very restoration to which this form of justice aspires. The questions that then raise themselves are: what is this “community” and how is this community rebuilt through the more relational and dialogical process of restorative justice? In investigating one restorative justice panel program in the United States, it becomes clear that “community” means different things to different individuals. Questioning the possibility of a locally-sanctioned version of justice, this study suggests that the starting point of including “community” in restorative justice should be re-thought.

Le concept de « collectivité » est au cœur de la justice réparatrice. En effet, la collectivité est la clé de voûte de la réparation à laquelle aspire ce modèle de justice. Plusieurs questions se posent. Qu’est-ce que la « collectivité »? Comment le processus à la fois relationnel et dialogique de la justice réparatrice permet-il à la collectivité de se reconstruire? L’étude d’un programme de justice réparatrice aux États-Unis révèle que ce qu’on entend par « collectivité » n’a pas toujours le même sens pour les uns que pour les autres. La présente étude suggère que l’inclusion de la « collectivité » à la justice réparatrice devrait être repensée, et remet en question la possibilité d’une justice sanctionnée à l’échelle locale.

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