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P161: Emergency department visits for hyperglycemia in emerging adults with diabetes: a health records review

  • J. W. Yan (a1), A. L. Hamelin (a1), K. M. Gushulak (a1), K. Van Aarsen (a1), M. Columbus (a1) and I. G. Stiell (a1)...

Abstract

Introduction: Patients with diabetes who are in emerging adulthood, defined as the life stage between 18-29 years, have unique challenges in managing their illness and are at risk of acute complications and loss to follow-up. The studys objective was to describe emergency department (ED) utilization for hyperglycemia in emerging adults with diabetes and to characterize 30-day outcomes including return visits and admission for hyperglycemia. Methods: This was a health records review of emerging adults presenting over a one-year period to four tertiary care EDs with a diagnosis of hyperglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state. Research personnel collected data on patient characteristics, treatment, disposition, and determined if patients returned to the ED for hyperglycemia within 30 days. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the data where appropriate. Results: There were 185 ED encounters for hyperglycemia, representing 116 unique emerging adult patients. Mean (SD) age was 23 (3.5) years and 50.9% were female. 80 (69.0%) had known type 1 diabetes, 11 (9.5%) had type 2, and 25 (21.5%) were newly diagnosed in the ED. Of 185 visits, 98 (53.0%) resulted in hospital admission. 56 (30.3%) returned to the ED for hyperglycemia within 30 days of their initial encounter, and 21 (11.4%) resulted in admission on this subsequent visit. Conclusion: We characterized ED utilization and 30-day outcomes of emerging adults with diabetes for hyperglycemia. Future research should focus on earlier identification of those at higher risk for recurrent ED visits or admission and the efficacy of interventions to prevent these adverse outcomes.

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