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P099: Age related rates of abnormal CT findings in otherwise low risk minor head injury patients over 65

  • B.A. Parker (a1), M. Ertel (a1), J. Angel-Mira (a1), P. Brar (a1), D. James (a1), M. Cheyne (a1), N. Kandola (a1), R. Brar (a1), H. Sidhu (a1) and B. Evtushevski (a1)...

Abstract

Introduction: The Canadian CT Head Rules (CCTHR) is the gold standard clinical decision rule for minor head injuries (MHIs) & has been shown to have 100% sensitivity in identifying patients that would have an abnormal CT scan. Within the CCTHR age 65+ is considered to be an independent risk factor for abnormal head CT. However, a previously published Italian study indicated that the rate of pathological findings in otherwise low risk MHI patients under the age of 79 was less than 1% & significantly lower than those over the age of 80, which brings to question whether the traditional age cut off of 65 as a factor in the CCTHR is too conservative when considering the appropriateness for imaging. Therefore this study aimed to quantify the extent to which low risk MHI patients between the ages of 65-79 present with abnormal CT findings or require neurosurgical intervention when compared to patients over 80 years of age as one of the criteria used in the CCTHR is the age threshold of 65. A secondary objective of this study was to explore abnormal CT rates across these age groupings for otherwise low risk patients on anticoagulants. Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted on all patients over the age of 65 that received a head CT for a MHI in the Kelowna General Hospital ED between 2006-2016. The imaging results for all patients that had no other risk criteria of the CCTHR other than age were reviewed & rates of pathological findings were compared between patients ages 65-79 & 80+ for both patients on anticoagulants & those not on anticoagulants. Differences in rates by age were compared for statistical significance using the chi-squared & Fisher’s exact test. Results: To date 248 patients have been reviewed & meet the criteria of being >65 & with no other CCTHR criteria. 65% of patients were female & 30% of patients were on anticoagulants. For the patients that were not on anticoagulants, 6 of the 75 (8%) individuals between 65-79 & 9 of the 94 (10%) of those over 80 had abnormal findings on CT (p=0.128). Conclusion: Preliminary results of this study population indicate that there are a significant number of abnormal CT findings in patients under the age of 80 suggesting that patients ages 65-79 without any other CCTHR criteria may still benefit from a head CT. Chart reviews are ongoing & updated results including findings for anti-coagulated patients will be presented at CAEP 2017.

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