We gratefully acknowledge all of the emergency physicians at The Ottawa Hospital – Civic and the General campuses, Kingston Health Sciences Centre, and University of Alberta Hospital who recruited the patients and the emergency medicine residents who helped in this process. We also gratefully acknowledge the emergency medical services providers and organizations (Regional Paramedic Program for Eastern Ontario, Emergency and Transportation Services – County of Frontenac, and Emergency Medical Services – Alberta Health Services) for providing the Ambulance Call Reports. We also thank the following members of our research team: Ottawa site – Pam Ladouceur, RN; Sarah Gaudet, RN; Karen Pratt, RN; Dr. Aparna Vaidyanathan, MBBS; Soo-Min Kim, BScH; My-Linh Tran; Sheryl Domingo; and Angela Marcantonio; Kingston site – Jane Reid, RN; Vi Ho, MD; Laura Goodfellow, R; and Vlad Latiu, MD; and Edmonton site – Justin Lowes, BSc; Danielle DeVuyst, RN; Pamela Pang, RN; and Natalie Runham, RN.
Funding: This study was supported by Physicians’ Services Incorporated Foundation, Canadian Institutes of Health Research and Ontario Innovation Fund for Academic Health Sciences Centres of Ontario through The Ottawa Hospital Academic Medical Organization (TOHAMO). Dr. Rowe is supported by Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) as a Tier I Canada Research Chair in Evidence-based Emergency Medicine through the Government of Canada (Ottawa, ON), and Dr. Thiruganasambandamoorthy is supported by the Jump Start Resuscitation Scholarship and currently holds the National New Investigator Salary Award through the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada.
Competing interests: None declared.
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