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A National Faculty Development Needs Assessment in Emergency Medicine

  • G. Mark Brown (a1), Eddy Lang (a1), Kamala Patel (a1), Andrew McRae (a1), Brian Chung (a2), Philip Yoon (a2), Sandy Dong (a3), Danielle Blouin (a4), Jonathan Sherbino (a5), Christopher Hicks (a6), Glen Bandiera (a6) and Christine Meyers (a7)...

Abstract

Objectives

Emergency physicians who work in academic settings enjoy an expanding number of roles beyond that of the skilled clinician. Faculty development (FD) encompasses the broad range of activities that institutions use to renew skill-sets and assist faculty members in these multiple roles. This study seeks to define the current FD needs and interests of Canadian academic emergency physicians (AEPs).

Methods

An online survey was administered to 943 AEPs in eight centers across Canada to determine their current FD activities, provide a detailed understanding of their FD needs and interests, elucidate the perceived barriers to and motivation for engaging in FD, and identify preferred methods of delivery for FD activities.

Results

This national, cross-sectional survey was completed by 336 respondents. It shows that need for FD is universally high, particularly in traditional domains of scholarship, leadership and education (79%, 80%, 87% overall interest, respectively). However, the study also suggests that there is increasing need for FD in areas where current participation is lowest, namely research and social accountability (12% and 13% more interest, respectively). Senior and junior faculty evince equivalent overall FD interest (p>0.05), whereas female AEPs expressed greater overall FD needs in leadership (1.82 vs 1.44 activities, p=0.003) than males. Continued participation in FD activities is best promoted by offering relevant topics, at convenient times and locations.

Conclusions

This study reports the first comprehensive national FD needs assessment of Canadian academic emergency physicians.

Objectif

Les médecins d’urgence qui travaillent en milieu universitaire jouent un nombre croissant de rôles qui vont au-delà de ceux du clinicien qualifié. La formation du corps professoral (FCP) englobe un large éventail d’activités que les établissements offrent aux professeurs pour leur permettre de mettre à jour leurs compétences et pour les aider à assumer leurs nombreux rôles. L’étude décrite ici visait à établir les besoins de formation et les champs d’intérêt des médecins d’urgence (MU) qui enseignent en milieu universitaire, au Canada.

Méthode

Une enquête en ligne a été menée chez 943 MU qui enseignent en milieu universitaire, dans 8 centres, partout au Canada, afin de déterminer l’offre d’activités de formation des professeurs, de recueillir une description détaillée de leurs besoins de formation et de leurs champs d’intérêt, de mieux comprendre les obstacles perçus à la FCP et la motivation pour s’y engager et de cerner les meilleures formules de présentation des activités de formation.

Résultats

Au total, 336 participants ont répondu à l’enquête transversale, menée à l’échelle nationale. Les résultats ont révélé que les besoins de formation étaient grands partout, notamment dans les champs traditionnels de la mission professorale, de la direction et du pouvoir d’influence ainsi que de la formation (79 %, 80 % et 87 % respectivement, dans l’ensemble). Toutefois, l’étude semble également indiquer un besoin accru de FCP dans des champs où la participation est très faible, soit la recherche et la responsabilité sociale (augmentation de l’intérêt: 12 % et 13 % respectivement). Les membres du personnel, chevronnés comme débutants, ont fait état, dans l’ensemble, d’un intérêt comparable en matière de FCP (p>0,05), tandis que les femmes MU qui enseignent en milieu universitaire ont exprimé, dans l’ensemble, des besoins plus grands de formation en matière de direction et de pouvoir d’influence que les hommes (activité: 1,82 contre 1,44; p=0,003). Les activités de FCP qui suscitent le plus de participation, et ce, de manière continue, sont celles qui portent sur des sujets pertinents et qui se donnent au bon moment et au bon endroit.

Conclusion

L’étude décrite ici fait état de la première évaluation globale, menée à l’échelle nationale, des besoins de formation des MU qui enseignent en milieu universitaire, au Canada.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence to: Eddy Lang, Emergency Medicine (Division of Research), RGH, Holy Cross Ambulatory Care building, 5th floor, Room 5A105, 7007 - 14th Street SW, Calgary, AB, T2V 1P9; Email: Eddy.Lang@albertahealthservices.ca

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