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MP07: Identification of barriers and facilitators for implementation of the Canadian Syncope Risk Score

  • N. Hudek (a1), B. Rowe (a1), J. Brehaut (a1), B. Ghaedi (a1), P. Nguyen (a1), J. Presseau (a1), A. McRae (a1), J. Yan (a1), R. Ohle (a1), C. Fabian (a1), N. Le Sage (a1), E. Mercier (a1), M. Hegdekar (a1), P. Archambault (a1), M. Sivilotti (a1) and V. Thiruganasambandamoorthy (a1)...

Abstract

Introduction: Wide variability exists in emergency department (ED) syncope management. The Canadian Syncope Risk Score (CSRS) was derived and validated to predict the probability of 30-day serious outcomes after ED disposition. The objective was to identify barriers and facilitators among physicians for CSRS use to stratify risk and guide disposition decisions Methods: We conducted semi-structured interviews with physicians involved in ED syncope care at 8 Canadian sites. We used purposive sampling, contacting ED physicians, cardiologists, internists, and hospitalists until theme saturation was reached. Interview questions were designed to understand whether the CSRS recommendations are consistent with current practice, barriers and facilitators for application into practice, and intention for future CSRS use. Interviews were conducted via telephone or videoconference. Two independent raters coded interviews using an inductive approach to identify themes, with discrepancies resolved through consensus. Our methods were consistent with the Knowledge to Action Framework, which highlights the need to assess barriers and facilitators for knowledge use and for adapting new interventions into local contexts. Results: We interviewed 14 ED physicians, 7 cardiologists, and 10 hospitalists/internists across 8 sites. All physicians reported the use of electrocardiograms for patients with syncope, a key component in the CSRS criteria. Almost all physicians reported that the low risk recommendation (discharge without specific follow-up) was consistent with current practice, while less consistency was seen for moderate (15 days outpatient monitoring) and high risk recommendations (outpatient monitoring and/or admission). Key barriers to following the CSRS included a lack of access to outpatient monitoring and uncertainty over timely follow-up care. Other barriers included patient/family concerns, social factors, and necessary bloodwork. Facilitators included assisting with patient education, reassurance of their clinical gestalt, and optimal patient factors (e.g. reliability to return, support at home, few comorbidities). Conclusion: Physicians are receptive to using the CSRS tool for risk stratification and decision support. Implementation should address identified barriers, and adaptation to local settings may involve modifying the recommended clinical actions based on local resources and feasibility.

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MP07: Identification of barriers and facilitators for implementation of the Canadian Syncope Risk Score

  • N. Hudek (a1), B. Rowe (a1), J. Brehaut (a1), B. Ghaedi (a1), P. Nguyen (a1), J. Presseau (a1), A. McRae (a1), J. Yan (a1), R. Ohle (a1), C. Fabian (a1), N. Le Sage (a1), E. Mercier (a1), M. Hegdekar (a1), P. Archambault (a1), M. Sivilotti (a1) and V. Thiruganasambandamoorthy (a1)...

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