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LO54: A descriptive analysis of ED length of stay of admitted patients ‘boarded’ in the emergency department

  • L. Salehi (a1), P. Phalpher (a1) and R. Valani (a1)

Abstract

Introduction: Previous studies have shown a link between Emergency Department (ED) overcrowding and worse clinical outcomes, increased risk of in-hospital mortality, higher costs, and longer times to treatment. Prolonged ED Length of Stay (LoS) of admitted patients awaiting a bed on in-patient units has been identified as a major driver of ED overcrowding. The purpose of this study is to provide a descriptive analysis of ED LoS among admitted patients, and determine the impact of prolonged ED LoS on total hospital in-patient length of stay (IP LoS). Methods: We conducted a single-site retrospective study for the period between January 1-December 31, 2015 at a very high volume community hospital. All patients aged ≥18 years admitted from the ED to acute in-patient Medicine units were identified. We carried out overall descriptive analysis (including analysis of day-of-the-week variability) on ED LoS. The mean total IP LoS for those patients with ED LoS<12 hours, 12-24 hours, and ≥24 hours were calculated and analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey HSD tests. Results: A total of 6,961 individuals were admitted to the medical units over the 12-month period. The median and mean ED LoS for admitted patients were 22.9 hrs (IQR: 13.9 hrs- 33.1 hrs) and 25.6 hrs respectively. Using ANOVA, there was a statistically significant difference in means of ED LoS as a function of the day of the week (p<0.0001), with Mondays having the highest mean ED LoS (27.6 hrs), and Fridays having the lowest (23.1 hrs). The mean IP LoS for those with ED LoS<12 hours, 12-24 hours, and ≥24 hours, were 6.8 days, 6.9 days, and 8.5 days respectively, with a statistically significant difference between group means (p<0.0001). Multiple pairwise comparisons of group means showed a statistically significant (p<0.05) difference between mean IP LOS of those with an EDLOS≥24 hours and those with an EDLOS<24 hours. Conclusion: Preliminary results indicate that ED LoS≥24 hours among admitted patients was associated with an increase in total IP LoS.*In the next 1-2 months, we intend to explore the role of other independent variables (age, sex, comorbidity, isolation status, and telemetry) on total ED LoS, and its association with IP LoS.

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LO54: A descriptive analysis of ED length of stay of admitted patients ‘boarded’ in the emergency department

  • L. Salehi (a1), P. Phalpher (a1) and R. Valani (a1)

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