Introduction: The Canadian Medical Education Directives for Specialists (CanMEDS) framework defines the competencies that postgraduate medical education programs must cover for resident physicians. The 2015 iteration of the CanMEDS framework emphasizes Quality Improvement and Patient Safety (QIPS), given their role in the provision of high value and cost-effective care. However, the opinion of Emergency Medicine (EM) program directors (PDs) regarding the need for QIPS curricula is unknown, as is the current level of knowledge of EM residents in QIPS principles. We therefore sought to determine the need for a QIPS curriculum for EM residents in a Canadian Royal College EM program. Methods: We developed a national multi-modal needs assessment. This included a survey of all Royal College EM residency PDs across Canada, as well as an evaluative assessment of baseline QIPS knowledge of 30 EM residents at the University of Toronto (UT). The resident evaluation was done using the validated Revised QI Knowledge Application Tool (QIKAT-R), which evaluates an individual’s ability to decipher a systematic quality problem from short clinical scenarios and to propose change initiatives for improvement. Results: Eight of the 13 (62%) PDs responded to the survey, unanimously agreeing that QIPS should be a formal part of residency training. However, challenges identified included the lack of qualified and available faculty to develop and teach QIPS material. 30 of 30 (100%) residents spanning three cohorts completed the QIKAT-R. Median overall score was 11 out of 27 points (IQR 9-14), demonstrating the lack of poor baseline QIPS knowledge amongst residents. Conclusion: QIPS is felt to be a necessary part of residency training, but the lack of available and qualified faculty makes developing and implementing such curriculum challenging. Residents at UT consistently performed poorly on a validated QIPS assessment tool, confirming the need for a formal QIPS curriculum. We are now developing a longitudinal, evidence-based QIPS curriculum that trains both residents and faculty to contribute to QI projects at the institution level.