1. Ahmed, SN, Rumana, N, Barron, GRS, et al. Barriers to access of primary healthcare by immigrant populations in Canada: a literature review. J Immigr Minor Health 2016;18(6):1522-1540.
2. Brar, S, Tang, S, Drummond, N, et al. Perinatal care for South Asian immigrant women and women born in Canada: telephone survey of users. J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2009;31:708-716.
3. Reitmanova, S, Gustafson, DL. “They can’t understand it”: maternity health and care needs of immigrant Muslim women in St. John’s, Newfoundland. Matern Child Health J 2008;12:101-111.
4. Reitmanova, S, Gustafson, DL. Primary mental health care information and services for St. John’s visible minority immigrants: gaps and opportunities. Issues Ment Health Nurs 2009;30:615-623.
5. Dunlop, S, Coyte, PC, McIsaac, W. Socio-economic status and the utilisation of physicians’ services: results from the Canadian National Population Health Survey. Soc Sci Med 2000;51:123-133.
6. McDonald, JT, Kennedy, S. Insights into the “healthy immigrant effect”: health status and health service use of immigrants to Canada. Soc Sci Med 2004;59:1613-1627.
7. Sanmartin, C, Ross, N. Experiencing difficulties accessing first-contact health services in Canada. Health Care Policy 2006;1(2):103-119.
8. Asanin, J, Wilson, K. “I spent nine years looking for a doctor”: exploring access to health care among immigrants in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Soc Sci Med 2008;66(6):1271-1283.
9. Muggah, E, Dahrouge, S, Hogg, W. (2012). Access to primary health care for immigrants: results of a patient survey conducted in 137 primary care practices in Ontario, Canada. BMC Fam Pract 2012;13:128.
10. Hjern, A, Persson, G, Roen, M. Is there equity in access to health services for ethnic minorities in Sweden? Eur J Public Health 2001;11(2):147-152.
11. Norredam, M, Sorensen, TM, Keiding, N, et al. Emergency room utilization in Copenhagen: a comparison of immigrant groups and Danish-born residents. Scand J Public Health 2004;32(1):53-59.
12. Correa-Velez, I, Brown, K, Gifford, SM. Hospital utilization among people born in refugee-source countries: an analysis of hospital admissions, Victoria, 1998-2004. Med J Aust 2007;186(11):577.
13. Mian, O, Pong, R. Does better access to FPs decrease the likelihood of emergency department use? Can Fam Physician 2012;56:e658-e666.
14. Rué, M, Soler-González, J, Bosch, A, et al. Emergency hospital services utilization in Lleida (Spain): a cross-sectional study of immigrant and Spanish-born populations. BMC Health Serv Res, 8:81.
15. Wen, SW, Williams, JI. Utilization of health care services by immigrants and other ethnic/cultural groups in Ontario. Ethnic Health 1996;1(1):99-109.
16. Ku, L. Left out: immigrants’ access to health care and insurance. Health Affair 2001;20(1):247-256.
17. Cunningham, PJ. What accounts for differences in the use of hospital emergency departments across US communities? Health Affair 2006;25(5):w324-w336.
18. Buron, A, Garcia, O, Vall, O, et al. Hospital emergency department utilization rates among the immigrant population in Barcelona, Spain. BMC Health Serv Res 2008;8(51):1-10.
19. Wu, Z, Penning, MJ, Schimmele, CM. Immigrant status and unmet health care needs. Can J Public Health 2005;96:369-373.
20. Dunn, JR, Dyck, I. Social determinants of health in Canada’s immigrant population: results from the national population health survey. Soc Sci Med 2000;51:1573-1593.
21. Laroche, M. Health status and health services utilization of Canada’s immigrant and non-immigrant populations. Can Public Policy 2000;26:51-75.
22. Ng, E, Wilkins, R, Gendron, F, et al. Dynamics of immigrants health in Canada: evidence from the National Population Health Survey. In Healthy today, healthy tomorrow? Findings from the National Population Health Survey. Statistics Canada, Catalogue 82-618. Ottawa: Statistics Canada; 2005.
23. Canada, S. Canadian Community Health Survey, 2012: Annual component [public-use microdata file]. Ottawa: Statistics Canada, Health Statistics Division, Data Liberation Initiative; 2013.
24. Fiscella, KFP, Doescher, MP, Saver, BG. Disparities in health care by race, ethnicity, and language among the insured: findings from a national sample. Med Care 2002;40(1):52-59.
25. Ng, C. Health care providers’ perspectives on the provision of prenatal care to immigrants. Cult Health Sex 2011;13(5):561-574.
26. Liu, R, Quan, H. Chinese and white Canadian satisfaction and compliance with physicians. BioMed Central 2007;21(8):11.