Nichol, G, Thomas, E, Callaway, CW, et al. Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Investigators. Regional variation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest incidence and outcome. JAMA
Go, AS, Mozaffarian, D, Roger, VL, et al. American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart disease and stroke statistics—2014 update: a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation
Morimura, N, Sakamoto, T, Nagao, K, et al. Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A review of the Japanese literature. Resuscitation
Wang, CH, Chou, NK, Becker, LB, et al. Improved outcome of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest—a comparison with that for extracorporeal rescue for in-hospital cardiac arrest. Resuscitation
Leick, J, Liebetrau, C, Szardien, S, et al. Door-to-implantation time of extracorporeal life support systems predicts mortality in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Clin Res Cardiol
Stub, D, Bernard, S, Pellegrino, V, et al. Refractory cardiac arrest treated with mechanical CPR, hypothermia, ECMO and early reperfusion (the CHEER trial). Resuscitation
Haneya, A, Philipp, A, Diez, C, et al. A 5-year experience with cardiopulmonary resuscitation using extracorporeal life support in non-postcardiotomy patients with cardiac arrest. Resuscitation
Avalli, L, Maggioni, E, Formica, F, et al. Favourable survival of in-hospital compared to out-of-hospital refractory cardiac arrest patients treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: an Italian tertiary care centre experience. Resuscitation
Le Guen, M, Nicolas-Robin, A, Carreira, S, et al. Extracorporeal life support following out-of-hospital refractory cardiac arrest. Crit Care
Maekawa, K, Tanno, K, Hase, M, Mori, K, Asai, Y. Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation for patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest of cardiac origin: a propensity-matched study and predictor analysis. Crit Care Med
Nagao, K, Kikushima, K, Watanabe, K, et al. Early induction of hypothermia during cardiac arrest improves neurological outcomes in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest who undergo emergency cardiopulmonary bypass and percutaneous coronary intervention. Circ J
Kim, SJ, Jung, JS, Park, JH, et al. An optimal transition time to extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation for predicting good neurological outcome in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a propensity-matched study. Crit Care
Statistics Canada. Focus on Geography Series, 2011. Census. Ottawa; 2012.
Lamarche, Y, Chow, B, Bédard, A, et al. Thromboembolic events in patients on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation without anticoagulation. Innovations (Phila)
Kleinman, ME, Brennan, EE, Goldberger, ZD, et al. Part 5: Adult basic life support and cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality: 2015 American Heart Association guidelines update for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care. Circulation
2015;132(18 Suppl 2):S414-S435.
Link, MS, Berkow, LC, Kudenchuk, PJ, et al. Part 7: Adult advanced cardiovascular life support: 2015 American Heart Association guidelines update for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care. Circulation
2015;132(18 Suppl 2):S444-S464.
Grunau, B, Reynolds, JC, Scheuermeyer, FX, et al. Comparing the prognosis of those with initial shockable and non-shockable rhythms with increasing durations of CPR: informing minimum durations of resuscitation. Resuscitation
BC Ambulance Service Policy. Resuscitation of Critically Ill Patients, Vol. 2. Vancouver: BC Emergency Health Services; 2010. Policy Number 6.4.13.
Grunau, B, Scheuermeyer, FX, Stub, D, et al. Potential candidates for a structured Canadian ECPR program for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. CJEM
Grunau, B, Reynolds, J, Scheuermeyer, F, et al. Relationship between time-to-ROSC and survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest ECPR candidates: when is the best time to consider transport to hospital?
Prehosp Emerg Care
Kern, DE, Thomas, P, Hughes, M. Curriculum development for medical education: a six-step approach. 2nd ed. Baltimore: The John’s Hopkins University Press; 2009.
Langley, GJ, Nolan, KM, Nolan, TW, Norman, CL. The Improvement Guide, A Practical Approach to Enhancing Organizational Performance. 2nd ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers; 2009.
Jacobs, I, Nadkarni, V, Bahr, J, et al. International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation. Cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation outcome reports: update and simplification of the Utstein templates for resuscitation registries. A statement for healthcare professionals from a task force of the international liaison committee on resuscitation (American Heart Association, European Resuscitation Council, Australian Resuscitation Council, New Zealand Resuscitation Council, Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, InterAmerican Heart Foundation, Resuscitation Council of Southern Africa). Resuscitation
Perkins, GD, Jacobs, IG, Nadkarni, VM, et al. Utstein Collaborators. Cardiac Arrest and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Outcome Reports: Update of the Utstein Resuscitation Registry Templates for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Statement for Healthcare Professionals From a Task Force of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (American Heart Association, European Resuscitation Council, Australian and New Zealand Council on Resuscitation, Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, InterAmerican Heart Foundation, Resuscitation Council of Southern Africa, Resuscitation Council of Asia); and the American Heart Association Emergency Cardiovascular Care Committee and the Council on Cardiopulmonary, Critical Care, Perioperative and Resuscitation. Resuscitation 2015;96:328-40.
Morrison, LJ, Nichol, G, Rea, TD, et al. ROC Investigators. Rationale, development and implementation of the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Epistry-Cardiac Arrest. Resuscitation
Rubertsson, S, Lindgren, E, Smekal, D, et al. Mechanical chest compressions and simultaneous defibrillation vs conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: the LINC randomized trial. JAMA
Fox, J, Fiechter, R, Gerstl, P, et al. Mechanical versus manual chest compression CPR under ground ambulance transport conditions. Acute Card Care
Lyon, RM, Crawford, A, Crookston, C, Short, S, Clegg, GR. The combined use of mechanical CPR and a carry sheet to maintain quality resuscitation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients during extrication and transport. Resuscitation
Dalle Ave, AL, Shaw, DM, Gardiner, D. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation or uncontrolled donation after the circulatory determination of death following out-of-hospital refractory cardiac arrest-An ethical analysis of an unresolved clinical dilemma. Resuscitation
Manara, AR, Dominguez-Gil, B, Pérez-Villares, JM, Soar, J. What follows refractory cardiac arrest: Death, extra-corporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (E-CPR), or uncontrolled donation after circulatory death?
Ortega-Deballon, I, Hornby, L, Shemie, SD, Bhanji, F, Guadagno, E. Extracorporeal resuscitation for refractory out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in adults: A systematic review of international practices and outcomes. Resuscitation
Aufderheide, TP, Nichol, G, Rea, TD, et al. Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) Investigators. A trial of an impedance threshold device in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. N Engl J Med
Nichol, G, Leroux, B, Wang, H, et al. ROC Investigators. Trial of continuous or interrupted chest compressions during CPR. N Engl J Med
Kudenchuk, PJ, Brown, SP, Daya, M, et al. Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Investigators. Amiodarone, lidocaine, or placebo in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. N Engl J Med
Stiell, IG, Nichol, G, Leroux, BG, et al. ROC Investigators. Early versus later rhythm analysis in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. N Engl J Med