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Tamarack (Pinaceae): previously unrecorded developmental host for pine engraver and southern pine engraver (Coleoptera: Scolytidae)

  • Kamal J.K. Gandhi (a1) and Steven J. Seybold (a1)

Extract

The pine engraver, Ips pini (Say), is broadly distributed across North America (Lanier 1972; Wood 1982; Seybold et al. 1995) with a host range that includes most species of Pinus L., and in rare cases, species of Picea A. Dietrich (both Pinaceae), within its range (Swaine 1918; Bright 1976; Wood 1982; Furniss and Carolin 1992). Ips pini has been recorded from Pinus banksiana Lamb., Pinus resinosa Ait., and Pinus strobus L. (eastern North America), and from three of four subspecies of Pinus contorta Dougl. ex Loudon [P. c. contorta, P. c. latifolia (Engelm.) Critch., and P. c. murrayana (Balf.) Critch.], Pinus coulteri D. Don, Pinus jeffreyi Balf., Pinus ponderosa Dougl. ex P. and C. Laws., and Pinus flexilis James (western North America) (Furniss and Carolin 1992; Seybold et al. 1995). Hopping (1964) reported I. pini on Picea rubens Sarg., Picea glauca (Moench) Voss, and Picea engelmannii Parry ex Engelm. The adult insect is intermediate in length relative to most Ips spp., ranging from 3.3 to 4.5 mm (Hopping 1964; Bright 1976; Wood 1982; USDA Forest Service 1985).

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Corresponding author

1 Corresponding author (e-mail: sseybold@tc.umn.edu).

References

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Dodge, H.R. 1938. The bark beetles of Minnesota (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). University of Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 132
Furniss, R.L., Carolin, V.M. 1992. Western Forest Insects. USDA Forest Service Miscellaneous Publication 1339
Garraway, E. 1986. The biology of Ips calligraphus and Ips grandicollis (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in Jamaica. The Canadian Entomologist 118: 113–21
Garraway, E., Freeman, B.E. 1990. The population dynamics of Ips grandicollis (Eichhoff) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in Jamaica. The Canadian Entomologist 122: 217–27
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Lanier, G.N. 1972. Biosystematics of the genus Ips (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in North America. Hopping's Group IV and X. The Canadian Entomologist 104: 361–88
Lanier, G.N. 1987. The validity of Ips cribricollis (Eich.) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) as distinct from Ips grandicollis (Eich.) and the occurrence of both species in Central America. The Canadian Entomologist 119: 179–87
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Price, R.A., Liston, A., Strauss, S.H. 1998. Phylogeny and systematics of Pinus. pp 4968in Richardson, D.M. (Ed), Ecology and biogeography of Pinus. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Seybold, S.J., Ohtsuka, T., Wood, D.L., Kubo, I. 1995. Enantiomeric composition of ipsdienol: a chemotaxonomic character for North American populations of Ips spp. in the pini subgeneric group (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology 21: 9951016
Swaine, J.M. 1918. Canadian bark beetles. II. A preliminary classification with an account of the habits and means of control. Canadian Department of Agriculture Technology Bulletin 14
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Wood, S.L., Bright, D.E. 1992. A catalog of Scolytidae and Platypodidae (Coleoptera), Part 2: taxonomic index. Volume A. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs 13

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Tamarack (Pinaceae): previously unrecorded developmental host for pine engraver and southern pine engraver (Coleoptera: Scolytidae)

  • Kamal J.K. Gandhi (a1) and Steven J. Seybold (a1)

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