Skip to main content Accessibility help


  • P. M. Barrow (a1), S. B. McIver (a1) and K. A. Wright (a1)


The salivary glands of female Culex pipiens L each consist of three lobes divisible into five regions. Fine structure indicates that two regions may be involved in solute-linked water transport and three regions may have a glandular function. The fine structure is similar to that reported for Anopheles stephensi and Aedes aegypti. In C. pipiens, an axon of presumed neurosecretory function was found associated with the neck region of the medial lobe.

Complete development of the salivary glands occurs between the first and fifth days of adulthood. Morphological changes associated with blood-feeding were limited to the presence or absence of the salivary secretions in the apical cavities and duct lumen. During blood-feeding the contents of two of the glandular regions are voided, being replenished within 24 h Results are related to previous histochemical studies of the salivary glands of mosquitoes.



Hide All
Barrow, P. M. 1974. Studies on the salivary glands of Culex pipiens L. and other selected mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae). M.Sc. Thesis, University of Toronto, Canada.
Bergold, G. H. and Weibel, J.. 1962. Demonstration of yellow fever with the electron microscope. Virology 17: 554562.
Chinery, W. A. 1965. Studies on the various glands of the tick Haemaphysalis spinigera Neumann 1896, Part III. Acta trop. 22: 321349.
Diamond, J. M. 1971. Standing gradient model of fluid transport in epithelia. Fedn Proc. Fedn Am. Socs exp. Biol. 30: 613.
Hudson, A. 1964. Some functions of the salivary glands of mosquitoes and other blood feeding insects. Can. J. Zool. 42: 113120.
Janzen, H. G. and Wright, K. A.. 1971. The salivary glands of Aedes aegypti (L.): an electron microscopic study. Can. J. Zool. 49: 13431345.
Janzen, H. G., Rhodes, A. J., and Doane, F. W.. 1970. Chikungunya virus in salivary glands of Aedes aegypti (L.): an electron microscope study. Can. J. Microbiol. 16: 581586.
Kühnel, W. 1972. On the innervation of the salt gland. Z. Zellforsch. mikrosk. Anat. 134: 435438.
Leslie, R. A. and Robertson, H. A.. 1973. The structure of the salivary gland of the moth (Manduca sexta). Z. Zellforsch. mikrosk. Anat. 146: 553564.
Metcalf, R. L. 1945. The physiology of the salivary glands of Anopheles quadrimaculatus. J. nat. Malar. Soc. 4: 271278.
Orr, C. W. M., Hudson, A., and West, A. S.. 1961. The salivary glands of Aedes aegypti. Histological-histochemical studies. Can. J. Zool. 39: 265272.
Robinson, C. G. 1939. The mouthparts and their function in the female mosquito, Anopheles maculipennis. Parasitology 31: 212242.
Stanley, M. and Vaughn, J. L.. 1970. Some notes on the technique of insect tissue culture. Insect Tissue Culture Demonstration. 21st Annual Meeting, Tissue Culture Assoc., Washington, D.C.
Sterling, C. R., Aikawa, M., and Vanderberg, J. P.. 1973. The passage of Plasmodium berghei sporozoites through the salivary glands of Anopheles stephensi: an electron microscope study. J. Parasit. 59: 593605.
Thomas, L. A. 1963. Distribution of the virus of western equine encephalomyelitis in the mosquito vector, Culex tarsalis. Am. J. Hyg. 78: 150165.
Venable, H. J. and Coggeshall, R. C.. 1965. A simplified lead citrate stain for use in electron microscopy. J. Cell Biol. 25: 407408.
Whitfield, S. G., Murphy, F. A., and Sudia, W. D.. 1971. Eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus: an electron microscopic study of Aedes triseriatus (Say) salivary gland infection. Virology 43: 110122.
Whitfield, S. G., Murphy, F. A., and Sudia, W. D.. 1973. St. Louis encephalitis virus: an ultrastructural study of infection in a mosquito vector. Virology 56: 7087.
Wright, K. A. 1969. The anatomy of the salivary glands of Anopheles stephensi Liston. Can. J. Zool. 47: 579599.
Wright, K. A. and Chan, J.. 1973. Sense receptors in the bacillary band of trichuroid nematodes. Tissue and Cell. 5: 373380.
Wright, K. A. and Jones, N. O.. 1965. Some techniques for the orientation and embedding of nematodes for electron microscopy. Nematologia 11: 125130.


  • P. M. Barrow (a1), S. B. McIver (a1) and K. A. Wright (a1)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed