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PROTECTION OF BACILLUS THURINGIENSIS FROM INACTIVATION BY SUNLIGHT

  • O. N. Morris (a1)

Abstract

The effectiveness of several commercially available sunlight screens in protecting Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner (B.t.) against inactivation by solar irradiation was assessed in the laboratory and field. Spore viability and residual insecticidal activity of B.t. were rapidly reduced by solar radiation in the range of 300 to 400 nm wavelength. The addition of ultraviolet absorbers, Uvinul DS49 and Erio Acid Red, to a Thuricide spray formulation prolonged the insecticidal residual activity on coniferous trees, resulting in greater effectiveness against the spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.), compared with a formulation lacking these protectants.

On a conçu des expériences en vue de tester la protection conférée par plusieurs écrans solaires vendus sur le marché contre l'inactivation rapide des préparations commerciales de Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner (B.t.) par la lumière solaire. Le rayonnement solaire de 300 à 400 nm a rapidement réduit la viabilité des spores ainsi que l'activité insecticide résiduelle du B.t. L'ajout d'absorbeurs d'U.-V. (Uvinul DS49, rouge acide Erio et mélasse) à une préparation de B.t. à pulvériser peut prolonger son activité insecticide résiduelle sur les conifères et accroître son efficacité antitordeuse.

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PROTECTION OF BACILLUS THURINGIENSIS FROM INACTIVATION BY SUNLIGHT

  • O. N. Morris (a1)

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