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INTRODUCTION OF A PREDACIOUS RED WOOD ANT, FORMICA LUGUBRIS (HYMENOPTERA: FORMICIDAE), FROM ITALY TO EASTERN CANADA

  • R. J. Finnegan (a1)

Abstract

A brief history of the importance attributed to red wood ants in Europe and the outstanding qualities of three species, Formica lugubris Zett., F. polyctena (Foerst.), and F. aquilonia Yarr., are presented. The reasons for choosing F. lugubris as a suitable species for introduction to Canada are given. The collecting in Italy, shipping by air to Canada, and eventual release in Quebec is discussed. In conclusion it is stated that the establishment and acclimatization of this species in Quebec was successful, and that increased reproduction and spread is anticipated.

On présente un bref rappel historique de l’importance des fourmis des bois d’Europe et les qualités remarquables de trois espèces particulières, Formica lugubris Zett., F. polyctena (Foerst,) et F. aquilonia Yarr. On explique le choix de F. lugubris pour son introduction au Canada. Sa récolte en Italie, son transport aérien jusqu’au Canada et son relâchement au Québec sont décrits. En conclusion, on affirme le succès de l’établissement et de l’acclimatation de cette espèce au Québec, de même qu’on anticipe une reproduction et une dispersion accrue.

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INTRODUCTION OF A PREDACIOUS RED WOOD ANT, FORMICA LUGUBRIS (HYMENOPTERA: FORMICIDAE), FROM ITALY TO EASTERN CANADA

  • R. J. Finnegan (a1)

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