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Effects of Different Diets of a Host, Agria affinis (Fall.) (Diptera: Sarcophagidae), on the Development of a Parasitoid, Aphaereta pallipes (Say) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)

  • H. L. House (a1) and J. S. Barlow (a1)

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Agria [= Pseudosarcophaga] affinis (Fall.) and Aphaereta pallipes (Say) make an excellent host-parasitoid couple for a determination of effects of host diet on a parasitoid. The anatomy, life history, and behaviour of these insects have been described (Salkeld, 1959; Coppel et al., 1959). Moreover, A. affinis can be reared axenically on chemically defined diets and it is readily attacked in the laboratory by A. pallipes, a parasitoid of the onion maggot, Hylemya antiqua (Meig.). This parasitoid deposits eggs into the body cavity of its host and these increase in size: the duration of the egg stage depends on the age of the host larva when parasitized (Salkeld, 1959).

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Barlow, J. S., and House, H. L.. 1960. Effects of dietary glucose on haemolymph carbohydrates of Agria affinis (Fall.), J. Insect Physiol. 5: 181189.
Coppel, H. C., House, H. L., and Maw, M. G.. 1959. Studies on dipterous parasites of the spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). VII. Agria affinis (Fall.) (Diptera: Sarcophagidae). Can. J. Zool. 37: 817830.
Dixon, W. J., and Massey, F. J. Jr., 1957. Introduction to Statistical Analysis, p. 280, 2nd ed.McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. New York, N.Y.488 pp.
House, H. L. 1958. Nutritional requirements of insects associated with animal parasitism. Exptl. Parasitol. 7: 555609.
House, H. L. 1961. Insect nutrition. Ann. Rev. Entomol. 6: 1326.
House, H. L., and Barlow, J. S.. 1956. Nutritional studies with Pseudosarcophaga affinis (Fall.), a dipterous parasite of the spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.). V. Effects of various concentrations of the amino acid mixture, dextrose, potassium ion, the salt mixture, and lard on growth and development; and a substitute for lard. Can. J. Zool. 34: 182189.
House, H. L., and Barlow, J. S.. 1958. Vitamin requirements of the house fly, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 51: 299302.
Leius, K. 1960. Attractiveness of different foods and flowers to the adults of some hymenopterous parasites. Can. Entomologist 92: 369376.
Salkeld, E. H. 1959. Notes on anatomy, life-history, and behaviour of Aphaereta pallipes (Say) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a parasite of the onion maggot, Hylemya antiqua (Meig.). Can. Entomologist 91: 9397.
Sapiro, V. A. 1956. The influence of the nutritional regimen of the host on the growth of certain insect parasites (in Russian). Zhur. Obshch. Biol. 17: 218227. ([original not seen] re: Biol. Abt. 38778, 1958).
Smith, J. M. 1957. Effects of the food plant of California red scale, Aonidiella aurantii (Mask.) on reproduction of its hymenopterous parasites. Can. Entomologist 89: 219230.
Von Brand, T. 1952. Chemical Physiology of Endoparasitic Animals pp. 215–55. Academic Press, Inc. New York, N.Y.339 pp.

Effects of Different Diets of a Host, Agria affinis (Fall.) (Diptera: Sarcophagidae), on the Development of a Parasitoid, Aphaereta pallipes (Say) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)

  • H. L. House (a1) and J. S. Barlow (a1)

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