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DISTRIBUTION AND OCCURRENCE OF YELLOWJACKETS (HYMENOPTERA: VESPIDAE: VESPULA SPP.) IN MANITOBA

  • T. D. Galloway (a1) (a2) and W. B. Preston (a1) (a2)

Extract

Yellowjackets (Vespidae: Vespula and Dolichovespula spp.) are painfully familar to most people. Many of these wasps are scavengers and are readily attracted to foodstuffs or food wastes. They also frequently nest in and around human habitations. These insects are generally considered of significant medical importance because of the allergic reaction in some people following a sting. Yellowjacket abatement programs have been conducted in many parts of the United States, usually associated with high wasp densities in orchards or recreation areas (McDonald et al. 1976).

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Jacobson, R.S., Matthews, R.W., and MacDonald, J. F.. 1978. A systematic study of the Vespula vulgaris group with a description of a new yellowjacket species in eastern North America (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Ann. ent. Soc. Am. 71: 299312.
MacDonald, J.F., Akre, R.D., and Keyel, R. E.. 1980 a. The German yellowjacket (Vespula germanica) problem in the United States (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Bull. ent. Soc. Am. 26: 436442.
MacDonald, J.F., Akre, R.D., and Matthews, R. W.. 1976. Evaluation of yellowjacket abatement in th United States. Bull. ent. Soc. Am. 22: 397401.
MacDonald, J.F. and Matthews, R. W.. 1976. Nest structure and colony composition of Vespula vidua and V. consobrina (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Ann. ent. Soc. Am. 69: 471475.
MacDonald, J.F., Matthews, R.W., and Jacobson, R. S.. 1980 b. Nesting biology of the yellowjacket, Vespula flavopilosa (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). J. Kansas ent. Soc. 53: 448458.
Menke, A.S. and Snelling, R.. 1975. Vespula germanica (Fabricius), an adventive yellowjacket in the northeastern United States (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). U.S. Dep. Agric. Coop. econ. Ins. Rep. 25: 193200.
Miller, C.D.F. 1961. Taxonomy and distribution of Nearctic Vespula. Can. Ent. Suppl. 22. 52 pp.
Morse, R.A., Eickwort, G.C., and Jacobson, R. S.. 1977. The economic status of an immigrant yellowjacket, Vespula germanica (Hymenoptera: Vespidae), in northeastern United States. Environ. Ent. 6: 109110.

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