Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-54cdcc668b-j9sz6 Total loading time: 1.016 Render date: 2021-03-09T01:47:08.807Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

Methods of Recording Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) Populations on Potatoes and the Distribution of Species on the Plant1

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 May 2012

R. H. E. Bradley
Affiliation:
Field Crop Insect Laboratory, Fredericton, N.B.

Extract

In Eastern Canada, aphids cause serious losses in the potato crop–directly by injuring heavily infested plants and indirectly as vectors of viruses. A field study of factors affecting populations of potato aphids necessitates a method of estimating population that allows comparisons of results from different varieties of potato and from potatoes grown under different conditions. Davies (1934) described one of the first methods of estimating aphid populations in the field; he counted the aphids on lower leaves chosen at random, and expressed the opulation as aphids per 100 leaves. Simpson (1940) reported that the species of aphids on potatoes in Maine differed in their distribution on the plant; to obtain a better estimate of the population, he modified Davies' method and counted the aphids on equal numbers of leaves selected at random from the top, middle, and bottom portions of the plants. Other workers (Joyce, 1938; Hansen, 1941; Whitehead, 1943; Thomas and Jacob, 1943; Staniland, 1943; Jacob, 1944; Doncaster ana Gregory, 1948; Münster, 1948) used various methods of selecting leaves for the sample but continued to express the population as aphids per 100 leaves. Much of the earlier work was in the form of surveys to determine the population of aphids above which the maintenance of healthy seed stock was not a practical proposition.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Entomological Society of Canada 1952

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Adams, J. B. 1946. Aphid resistance in potatoes. American Potato 23: 122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Anscombe, F. J. 1948. On estimating the population of aphids in a potato field. Ann. Appl. Biol. 35: 567–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bald, J. G. 1943. Estimation of the leaf area of potato plants for pathological studies. Phytopathology 33: 922–32.Google Scholar
Bald, J. G., Norris, D. O., and Helson, G. A. H.. 1946. Aphid populations, resistance and tolerance of potato varieties to leaf roll. Australian Coun. Sci. Ind. Res. Bull. 196.Google Scholar
Bald, J. G., Norris, D. O., and Helson, G. A. H.. 1950. Transmission of potato virus disease. Australian Jour. Agr. Res. 1: 1832.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Broadbent, L. 1948. Methods of recording aphid populations for use in research on potato virus diseases. Ann. Appl. Biol. 35: 551–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Broadbent, L. 1950. The microclimate of the potato crop. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 76: 439–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davies, W. M. 1934. Studies on aphides infesting the potato crop. Aphid survey: its bearing upon the selection of districts for seed potato production. Ann. Appl. Biol. 26: 116–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Doncaster, J. P., and Gregory, P. H.. 1948. The spread of virus diseases in the potato crop. Agr. Res. Coun. Report Series 7. London: H.M.S.O.Google Scholar
Hansen, H. P. 1941. Studier over Kartoffelviroser I. Danmark III.Google Scholar
Heinze, K., and Profit, J.. 1940. Uber die an der Kartoffel lebenden Blattlausarten und ihren Massenwechsel im Zusammenhang mit dem Auftreten von Kartoffelvirosen. Mitt. Biol. Anst. (Reichsanst). Berlin60.Google Scholar
Jacob, F. H. 1941. The over-wintering of Myzus persicae Sulz. on Brassicae in North Wales. Ann. Appl. Biol. 28: 119–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jacob, F. H. 1944. A two years' survey of the potato aphides in the Northern Agricultural Advisory Province. Ann. Appl. Biol. 31: 312–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Joyce, R. J. V. 1938. On certain aspects of the feeding mechanism, feeding habits and ecology of the potato aphides, Myzus persicae Sulz. and Macrosiphum get Koch, in relation to the dissemination of virus diseases of potatoes. Ph. D. thesis. University of Wales.Google Scholar
Kennedy, J. S., Ibbotson, A., and Booth, C. O.. 1950. The distribution of aphid infestation in relation to leaf age. I. Myzus persicae (Sulz.) and Aphis fabae Scop, on spindle trees and sugar-beet plants. Ann. Appl. Biol. 37: 651–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moericke, V. 1941. Zur Lebensweise der Pfirsichlaus (Myzodes persicae Sulz.) auf der Kartoffel. Ph. D. thesis. University of Bonn.Google Scholar
Münster, J. 1948. Recherches sur les pucerons de la pomme de terre. La frequence en suisse romande de pucerons vecteurs de maladie à virus. Mitt. Schweiz. Ent. Ges. 21: 159165.Google Scholar
Norris, D. O., and Bald, J. G.. 1943. Transmission of potato virus disease. 2. The aphis population of potatoes at Canberra during 1940–41. Australian Coun. Sei. Ind. Res. Bull. 163.Google Scholar
Simpson, S. W. 1940. Aphids and their relation to the field transmission of potato virus diseases in north-east Maine. Maine Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. 403.Google Scholar
Smith, L. B. 1919. The life history and biology of the pink and green aphid (Macrosiphum solanifolii Ashmead). Virginia Truck Expt. Sta. Bull. 27.Google Scholar
Staniland, L. N. 1943. A survey of the potato aphids in the South-western Agricultural Advisory Province. Ann. Appl. Biol. 30: 3342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thirmalachy, N. C. 1940. A rapid method of measurement of leaf areas of plants. Indian Agr. Sci. 10: 835–41.Google Scholar
Thomas, I., and Jacob, F. H.. 1943. Ecology of the potato aphides in North Wales. Ann. Appl. Biol. 30: 97101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Whitehead, T. 1943. Some factors influencing the health of seed potatoes in North Wales, Ann. Appl. Biol. 30: 8596.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 6 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 9th March 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Methods of Recording Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) Populations on Potatoes and the Distribution of Species on the Plant1
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Methods of Recording Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) Populations on Potatoes and the Distribution of Species on the Plant1
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Methods of Recording Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) Populations on Potatoes and the Distribution of Species on the Plant1
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *