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Impact of endosulfan on the predatory efficiency of larval Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) on the eggs of Heliothis virescens and Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 June 2015

Agustín Hernández-Juárez
Affiliation:
Departamento de Parasitología, Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Calzada Antonio Narro # 1923, Buenavista, Saltillo, Coahuila 25315, Mexico
Luis A. Aguirre-Uribe
Affiliation:
Departamento de Parasitología, Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Calzada Antonio Narro # 1923, Buenavista, Saltillo, Coahuila 25315, Mexico
Aideé González-Ruíz
Affiliation:
Departamento de Parasitología, Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Calzada Antonio Narro # 1923, Buenavista, Saltillo, Coahuila 25315, Mexico
Julio C. Chacón-Hernández
Affiliation:
Departamento de Parasitología, Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Calzada Antonio Narro # 1923, Buenavista, Saltillo, Coahuila 25315, Mexico
Jerónimo Landeros-Flores
Affiliation:
Departamento de Parasitología, Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Calzada Antonio Narro # 1923, Buenavista, Saltillo, Coahuila 25315, Mexico
Ernesto Cerna-Chávez
Affiliation:
Departamento de Parasitología, Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Calzada Antonio Narro # 1923, Buenavista, Saltillo, Coahuila 25315, Mexico
Mariano Flores-Dávila
Affiliation:
Departamento de Parasitología, Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Calzada Antonio Narro # 1923, Buenavista, Saltillo, Coahuila 25315, Mexico
Marvin K. Harris
Affiliation:
Texas A&M University, Department of Entomology, College Station, Texas 77843, United States of America
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

The effect of the insecticide endosulfan on the predatory efficiency of the green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea Stephens (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) on the eggs of tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) was measured with Holling’s disc equation. Though the type II functional response was maintained in C. carnea exposed to endosulfan, the functional response parameters: attack rate (a′), handling time (Th), total handling time (Tht), searching time (Ts), and search efficiency (E) were affected for both prey offered. The predator took more time to identify, pursue, capture, consume, and digest the prey, and in general, the efficiency of the predator as a biological control agent was adversely affected.

Type
Insect Management
Copyright
© Entomological Society of Canada 2015 

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Footnotes

Subject editor: Jon Sweeney

References

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Impact of endosulfan on the predatory efficiency of larval Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) on the eggs of Heliothis virescens and Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
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Impact of endosulfan on the predatory efficiency of larval Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) on the eggs of Heliothis virescens and Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
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