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The Communitarian Turn: Myth or Reality?

  • RUTH CHADWICK

Extract

This quotation from the London Review of Books is an example of a turn—a different way of looking at things that involves a redefinition of the kind of thing higher education is and how it should be provided. It is a turn away from a public good perspective—the opposite, it might be said, of the kind of turn addressed in this article.

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1. Collini, S.Browne’s gamble. London Review of Books 2010;32(21):23–5.

2. MacIntyre, A.After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press; 1981.

3. World Health Organization. Genetic Databases: Assessing the Benefits and the Impact on Human and Patient Rights. Geneva: WHO; 2003, p. 7.

4. See note 3, World Health Organization 2003.

5. Chadwick, R, Berg, K.Solidarity and equity: New ethical frameworks for genetic databases. Nature Reviews Genetics 2001;2(4):318–21.

6. Knoppers, BM, Chadwick, R.Human genetic research: Emerging trends in ethics. Nature Reviews Genetics 2005;6:75–9.

7. Knoppers, BM, Chadwick, R.The Human Genome Project: Under an international ethical microscope. Science 1994;265:2035–6.

8. Human Genome Organisation (HUGO). Statement on Pharmacogenomics (PGx): Solidarity, Equity and Governance. Genomics, Society and Policy 2007;3:45.

9. See note 8, HUGO 2007:45.

10. See note 8, HUGO 2007:46.

11. Clarke, CA. Problems raised by developments in genetics. In: Ebling, FJ, ed. Biology and Ethics. London: Academic Press; 1969, at 96.

12. Vyvyan, J.The Dark Face of Science. London: Michael Joseph; 1971, at 21.

13. Human Genome Organisation (HUGO) Ethics Committee. Statement on Human Genomic Databases. London: HUGO; 2000.

14. See note 5, Chadwick, Berg 2001.

15. Lunshof, J, Chadwick, R, Vorhaus, DB, Church, GM. From genetic privacy to open consent. Nature Reviews Genetics 2008;9:406–11.

16. As in the 2001 article by myself and Kare Berg, for example.

17. Chadwick, R.What is “applied” in applied ethics. Journal of Applied Ethics 2009;1:1–7.

18. Donchin, A, Diniz, D.Guest editors’ note. Bioethics 2001;15(3):iii–v.

19. Human Genome Organisation (HUGO) Ethics Committee. Statement on Benefit-Sharing. London: HUGO; 2000, at 2.

20. See note 6, Knoppers, Chadwick 2005.

21. Williams, B. The idea of equality. In: Laslett, P, Runciman, WG, eds. Philosophy, Politics and Society. 2nd series. Oxford: Blackwell; 1962.

22. See note 15, Lunshof et al. 2008.

23. Nissenbaum, H.Privacy as contextual integrity. Washington Law Review 2004;79(1):119–58.

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