Adams, W.H. (ed.), 1987. Historical Archaeology of Plantations at Kings Bay, Camden County, Georgia. Gainesville (FA): Department of Anthropology, University of Florida.
Andrews, S.C. & Young, A.L., 1992. Plantations on the periphery of the Old South: modeling a new approach, in Plantations on the Periphery: The Archaeology of Small Slave Holding Sites, ed. Faulkner, C.H.. Knoxville (TN): University of Tennessee Press.
Ascher, R. & Fairbanks, C.H., 1971. Excavation of a slave cabin: Georgia, U.S.A. Historical Archaeology 5, 3–17.
Babson, D.W., 1990. The archaeology of racism and ethnicity on southern plantations, in Historical Archaeology on Southern Plantations and Farms, ed. Orser, C.E. Jr. Historical Archaeology 24(4), 20–28.
Baker, S.G., 1972. Colono-Indian pottery from Cambridge, South Carolina, with comments on the historic Catawba pottery trade. Notebook (of the South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology) 4(1), 3–30.
Brown, K.L. & Cooper, D.C., 1990. Structural continuity in an African-American slave and tenant community, in Historical Archaeology on Southern Plantations and Farms, ed. Orser, C.E. Jr. Historical Archaeology 24(4), 7–19.
Cade, J.B., 1935. Out of the mouths of ex–slaves. Journal of Negro History 20, 294–337.
Childe, V.G., 1926. The Aryans: A Study of Indo-European Origins. New York (NY): Alfred A. Knopf.
Cooley, R.B. 1926. Homes of the Freed. New York (NY): New Republic.
DuBois, W.E.B., 1961. The Souls of Black Folk: Essays and Sketches. Greenwich (CT): Fawett.
Duffy, J., 1962. Portugal in Africa. Cambridge (MA): Harvard University Press.
Epperson, T.W., 1990. Race and the disciplines of the plantation, in Historical Archaeology on Southern Plantations and Farms, ed. Orser, C.E. Jr. Historical Archaeology 24(4), 29–36.
Ewbanks, T., 1856. Life in Brazil. New York (NY): Harper and Brothers.
Fairbanks, C.H., 1974. The Kingsley slave cabins in Duval County, Florida. Conference on Historic Site Archaeology Papers 7, 62–93.
Fairbanks, C.H., 1984. The plantation archaeology of the southeastern coast. Historical Archaeology 18(4), 1–18.
Ferguson, L.G., 1978. Looking for the ‘Afro’ in Colono–Indian pottery. Conference on Historic Site Archaeology Papers 12, 68–86.
Ferguson, L.G., 1991. Struggling with pots in colonial South Carolina, in The Archaeology of Inequality, eds. McGuire, R.H. & Paynter, R.. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 28–39.
Ferguson, L.G., 1992. Uncommon Ground: Archaeology and Early African America, 1650–1800. Washington (DC): Smithsonian Institution Press.
Frazier, E.F., 1964. The Negro Church in America. New York (NY): Schocken.
Writers', Georgia Project. 1940. Drums and Shadows: Survival Studies Among the Georgia Coastal Negroes. Athens (GA): University of Georgia Press.
Hall, R.L., 1989. Religious symbolism of the iron pot: the possibility of a Congo-Angola origin. Western Journal of Black Studies 13, 125–9.
Handler, J.S., 1983. An African pipe from a slave cemetery in Barbados, West Indies, in The Archaeology of the Clay Tobacco Pipe, VIII. America, ed. Davey, P.. Oxford: BAR, 245–53.
Handler, J.S. & Lange, F.W., 1978. Plantation Slavery in Barbados: An Archaeological and Historical Investigation. Cambridge (MA): Harvard University Press.
Handler, J.S., Corruccini, R.S. & Mutaw, R.J., 1982. Tooth mutilation in the Caribbean: evidence from a slave burial population in Barbados, Journal of Human Evolution 11, 297–313.
Handler, J.S., Lange, F.W. & Orser, C.E. Jr, 1979. Carnelian beads in necklaces from a slave cemetery in Barbados, West Indies. Ornament 4(4), 15–18.
Hawkes, C., 1954. Archaeological theory and methods: some suggestions from the Old World. American Anthropologist 56, 155–68.
Heath, B., 1989. Afro–Caribbean Pottery from St Eustatius, Netherlands Antilles. Unpublished paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Baltimore.
Herskovits, M.J., 1958. The Myth of the Negro Past. Boston (MA): Beacon.
Johnson, M.P. & Roark, J.L., 1984. Black Masters: A Free Family of Color in the Old South. New York (NY): W.W. Norton.
Joyner, C., 1984. Down by the Riverside: A South Carolina Slave Community. Urbana (IL): University of Illinois Press.
Killion, R. & Waller, C. (eds.), 1973. Slavery Time When I Was Chillun Down on Marster's Plantation: Interviews with Georgia Slaves. Savannah (GA): Beehive.
Klingelhofer, E., 1987. Aspects of early Afro–American material culture: artifacts from the slave quarters at Garrison Plantation, Maryland. Historical Archaeology 21(4), 112–19.
Kovel, R.M. & Kovel, T.H., 1953. Dictionary of Marks: Pottery and Porcelain. New York (NY): Crown.
Lees, W.B. & Kimery–Lees, K.M., 1979. The function of Colono–Indian ceramics: insights from Limerick Plantation, South Carolina. Historical Archaeology 13, 1–13.
McKee, L., 1992. Summary Report on the 1991 Field Quarter Excavation. Nashville (TN): The Hermitage.
Mathewson, R.D., 1972. Jamaican ceramics: an introduction to the 18th–century folk pottery in West African tradition. Jamaica Journal 6, 54–6.
Mintz, S.W. & Price, R., 1976. An Anthropological Approach to the Afro–American Past: A Caribbean Perspective. Philadelphia (PA): Institute for the Study of Human Issues.
NoëlHume, I. Hume, I., 1962. An Indian ware of the colonial period. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Virginia 17, 1.
Orser, C.E. Jr, 1984. The past ten years of plantation archaeology in the southeastern United States. South–eastern Archaeology 3, 1–12.
Orser, C.E. Jr, 1990. Archaeological approaches to New World plantation slavery, in Archaeological Method and Theory 2, ed. Schiffer, M.B.. Tucson (AZ): University of Arizona Press, 111–54.
Orser, C.E. Jr, 1991. The archaeological search for ethnicity in the historic United States. Archaeologia Polona 29, 109–21.
Orser, C.E. Jr, 1992. Bibliography of slave and plantation archaeology (as of December 31, 1991). Slavery and Abolition 13, 316–37.
Orser, C.E. Jr, Nekola, A.M. & Roark, J.L., 1987. Exploring the Rustic Life: Multidisciplinary Research at Millwood Plantation, a Large Piedmont Plantation in Abbeville County, South Carolina, and Elbert County, Georgia. Atlanta (GA): National Park Service.
Orser, C.E. Jr, Owsley, D.W. & Shenkel, J.R., 1986. Gaining access to New Orleans' first cemetery. Journal of Field Archaeology 13, 342–5.
Owsley, D.W., Orser, C.E. Jr, Montgomery, R. & Holland, C.C., 1985. An Archaeological and Physical Anthropological Study of the First Cemetery in New Orleans, Louisiana. Baton Rouge (LA): Louisiana Division of Archaeology.
Patten, D., 1992. Mankala and Minkisi: possible evidence of African American folk beliefs and practices. African American Archaeology 6, 5–7.
Perdue, C.L. Jr, Barden, T.E. & Phillips, R.K. (eds.), 1976. Weevils in the Wheat: Interviews with Virginia Ex–Slaves. Charlottesville (VA): University Press of Virginia.
Peterson, W., Novak, M. & Gleason, P., 1982. Concepts of Ethnicity. Cambridge (MA): Harvard University Press.
Puckett, N.N., 1926. Folk Beliefs of the Southern Negro. Chapel Hill (NC): University of North Carolina Press.
Raboteau, A.J., 1978. Slave Religion: The ‘Invisible Institution’ in the Antebellum South. New York (NY): Oxford University Press.
Rawick, G.D., 1972. From Sundown to Sunup: The Making of the Black Community. Westport (CT): Greenwood.
Rawick, G.D., 1977a. The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography, Supplement Series 1, vol. 1: Alabama Narratives. Westport (CT): Greenwood.
Rawick, G.D., 1977b. The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography, Supplement Series 1, vol. 12: Oklahoma Narratives. Westport (CT): Greenwood.
Rawick, G.D., 1977c. The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography, Supplement Series 1, vol. 6: Mississippi Narratives, Part 1. Westport (CT): Greenwood.
Rawick, G.D., 1977d. The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography, Supplement Series 1, vol. 10: Mississippi Narratives, Part 5. Westport (CT): Greenwood.
Schuyler, R.L.(ed.), 1980. Archaeological Perspectives on Ethnicity in America: Afro–American and Asian American Culture History. Farmingdale (NY): Baywood.
Singleton, T.A., 1991. The archaeology of slave life, in Before Freedom Came: African–American Life in the Antebellum South, eds. Campbell, E.D.C. Jr & Rice, K.S.. Richmond (VA): The Museum of the Confederacy, 155–75.
Smith, J.F., 1973. Slavery and Plantation Growth in Antebellum Florida, 1821–1861. Gainesville (FA): University of Florida Press.
Smith, S. (ed.), 1976. An Archaeological and Historical Assessment of the First Hermitage. Nashville (TN): The Hermitage.
South, S., 1991. Archaeology at Santa Elena: Doorway to the Past. Columbia (SC): South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology.
Stampp, K.M., 1956. The Peculiar Institution: Slavery in the Ante–Bellum South. New York (NY): Vintage.
Stewart, T.D. & Groome, J.R., 1968. The African custom of tooth mutilation in America. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 28, 31–42.
Stuckey, S., 1987. Slave Culture: Nationalist Theory and the Foundations of Black America. New York (NY): Oxford University Press.
Thompson, R.F., 1983. Flash in the Spirit: African and Afro–American Art and Philosophy. New York (NY): Random House.
Vernon, R., 1988.17th–century Apalachee Colono–Ware as a reflection of demography, economics, and acculturation. Historical Archaeology 22(1), 76
Webber, T.L., 1978. Deep Like the Rivers: Education in the Slave Quarter Community, 1831–1865. New York (NY): W.W. Norton.
Wheaton, T.R. & Garrow, P.H., 1985. Acculturation and the archaeological record in the Carolina lowcountry, in The Archaeology of Slavery and Plantation Life, ed. Singleton, T.A.. New York (NY): Academic Press, 239–59.