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A Farewell Address in Urdu Presented to John Panton Gubbins by the Citizens of Delhi in 1852

  • S. A. A. Rizvi


This document is in the possession of Mr. J. K. Gubbins of High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, and a photocopy has recently been acquired by the library of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. It is unique in the history of Urdu prose, being the earliest known farewell address written in Urdu. The language is simple and idiomatic and the style is free from affectation and turgidity—defects from which documents of this type are not free even to-day. Though some commonplace adjectives have been used, it on the whole satisfactorily brings out the main contributions of John Panton Gubbins to the social and cultural life of the Delhi of the mid-nineteenth century.



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1 Ṣādiq ul-Akhbār dated 27 July 1857; National Archives, New Delhi; Rizvi, S. A. A., Swatantra Dilli, Lucknow, 1957, facsimile 50.

2 Ḥālī, Alṭāf Ḥusain, Ḥayāt-i-jāwēd, Lahore, 1957, part II, p. 378.

3 Elliot MS 406.

4 Sachau and Ethé, Catalogue of the Persian, Turkish, Hindûstânî, and Pushtû manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, col. 117, no. 221.


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