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PERIODS OF DUCCI SEQUENCES AND ODD SOLUTIONS TO A PELLIAN EQUATION

  • FLORIAN BREUER (a1)

Abstract

A Ducci sequence is a sequence of integer $n$ -tuples generated by iterating the map

$$\begin{eqnarray}D:(a_{1},a_{2},\ldots ,a_{n})\mapsto (|a_{1}-a_{2}|,|a_{2}-a_{3}|,\ldots ,|a_{n}-a_{1}|).\end{eqnarray}$$
Such a sequence is eventually periodic and we denote by $P(n)$ the maximal period of such sequences for given $n$ . We prove a new upper bound in the case where $n$ is a power of a prime $p\equiv 5\hspace{0.6em}({\rm mod}\hspace{0.2em}8)$ for which $2$ is a primitive root and the Pellian equation $x^{2}-py^{2}=-4$ has no solutions in odd integers $x$ and $y$ .

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Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

References

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PERIODS OF DUCCI SEQUENCES AND ODD SOLUTIONS TO A PELLIAN EQUATION

  • FLORIAN BREUER (a1)

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