Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The parthenogenetic midge of water supply systems, Paratanytarsus grimmii (Schneider) (Diptera: Chironomidae)

  • P. H. Langton (a1), P. S. Cranston (a2) and P. Armitage (a3)

Abstract

Chironomid midges have been known to include parthenogenetic species for over a century. One of these species, Paratanytarsus grimmii (Schneider), cited under several different names here shown to be junior synonyms, has attained some notoriety as a pest. Its occurrence as a supposedly paedogenetic (actually pharate adult parthenogenetic) inhabitant of water distribution systems is discussed and related to its more usual occurrence in a variety of small water bodies including aquaria. New synonymy is proposed and a lectotype designated.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Bause, E. (1913). Die Metamorphose der Gattung Tanytarsus und einiger verwandter Tendipedidenarten.—126 pp. Inaug. Diss. Zool. Inst. Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität zu Münster.
Edward, D. H. D. (1963). The biology of a parthenogentic species of Lundstroemia (Diptera:Chironomidae), with descriptions of the immature stages.—Proc. R. ent. Soc. Lond. (A) 38, 165170.
Forsyth, D. J. (1971). Some New Zealand Chironomidae (Diptera).—J. R. Soc. N.Z. 1, 113144.
Freeman, P. (1961). The Chironomidae (Diptera) of Australia.—Aust. J. Zool. 9, 611737.
Glover, B. (1973). The Tanytarsini (Diptera: Chironomidae) of Australia.—Aust. J. Zool., Suppl. Ser. no. 23, 403478.
Goetghebuer, M. (1934). Ceratopogonidae et Chironomidae nouveaux ou peu connus d'Europe (cinquième note).Bull. Annls Soc. r. ent. Belg. 74, 287294.
Goetghebuer, M. (1938). Tendipedidae-Tendipedinae [part].—Fliegen palaearkt. Reg. 13C, 73128.
Grimm, O. von (1870). Die ungeschlechtiche Fortplanzung einer Chironomus-Art und deren Entwicklung aus dem unbefruchteten Ei.Zap. imp. Akad. Nauk 7 (15), 124.
Grimm, O. von (1871). On the agamic reproduction of a species of Chironomus, and its development from the unfecundated egg.—Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. 8, 3145, 106–115.
Johannsen, O. A. (1905). Aquatic nematocerous Diptera. II.—pp. 76–327 in Needham, I. G., Morton, K. I. & Johannsen, O. A. (Eds). May flies and midges of New York.—Bull. N. Y. St. Mus. no. 86, 331 pp.
Johannsen, O. A. (1910). Paedogenesis in Tanytarsus.—Science, N.Y. (N.S.) 32, 768.
Johannsen, O.A. (1937). Aquatic Diptera. Part III. Chironomidae: subfamilies Tanypodinae, Diamesinae, and Orthocladiinae.—Mem. Cornell Univ. agric. Exp. Stn no. 205, 84 pp.
Kieffer, J. J. (1909). Diagnoses de nouveaux Chironomides d'Allemagne.—Bull. Soc. Hist. nat. Metz 26, 3756.
Kieffer, J. J. (1917). Chironomides d'Amérique conservés au Musée National Hongrois de Budapest.—Annls hist.-nat. Mus. natn. hung. 15, 292364.
Kieffer, J. J. (1921 a). Synopse de la tribu des Chironomariae.—Annls Soc. scient. Brux. 40, 269276.
Kieffer, J. J. (1921 b). Chironomides de l'Afrique Équatoriale (1re partie).—Annls Soc. ent. Fr. 90, 156.
Kieffer, J. J. (1922). Chironomides nouveaux ou peu connus de la région paléarctique.—Annls Soc. scient. Brux. 42, 71128.
Krüger, F. (1941). Parthenogenetische Stylotanytarsus Larven als Bewohner einer Trinkwasserleitung. (Tanytarsus-Studien III: die Gattung Stylotanytarsus).—Arch. Hydrobiol. 38, 214253.
Langton, P. H. (1974). On the biology of the parthenogenetic Paratanytarsus breeding in the Essex Water Company distribution system.—Wat. Treat. & Exam. 23, 230231.
Lindeberg, B. (1971). Parthenogenetic strains and unbalanced sex ratios in Tanytarsini (Diptera, Chironomidae).—Ann. zool. fenn. 8, 310317.
Munsterhjelm, G. (1920). Om Chironomidernas äggläggning och äggrupper.—Acta Soc. Fauna Flora fenn. 47 (2), 1174.
Nietzke, G. (1938). Die Kossau. Hydrologische-faunistische Untersuchungen an schleswig-holsteinischen Fliessgewässern.—Arch. Hydrobiol. 32, 174.
Palmén, E. (1960). Paratanytarsus-Arten (Dipt., Chironomidae) aus dem β-mesohalinen und oligohalinen Brackwasser des Finnischen Meerbusens.—Suom. hyönt. Aikak. 26, 280291.
Pinder, L. C. V. & Reiss, F. (1983). The larvae of Chironominae (Diptera: Chironomidae) of the Holarctic region. Keys and diagnoses.—Entomol. Scand. Suppl. no. 19, 293435.
Pinder, L. C. V. & Reiss, F. (1986). The pupae of Chironominae (Diptera: Chironomidae) of the Holarctic region. Keys and diagnoses.—Entomol. Scand. Suppl. no. 28, 299456.
Reiss, F. (1972). Die Tanytarsini (Chironomidae, Diptera) Südchiles und Westpatagoniens. Mit Hinweisen auf die Tanytarsini-Fauna der Neotropis.—Stud. neotrop. Fauna 7, 4994.
Reiss, F. & Säwedal, L. (1981). Keys to males and pupae of the Palaearctic (excl. Japan) Paratanytarsus Thienemann & Bause, 1913, n. comb., with descriptions of three new species (Diptera, Chironomidae).—Entomol. Scand. Suppl. no. 15, 73104.
Saether, O. A. (1977). Female genitalia in Chironomidae and other Nematocera: morphology, phylogenies, keys.—Bull. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 197, 209 pp.
Sasa, M. (1979). A morphological study of adults and immature stages of 20 Japanese species of the family Chironomidae (Diptera).—Res. Rep. Natn. Inst. Env. Stud. no. 7, 1149.
Schneider, A. (1885). Chironomus Grimmii und seine Parthenogenesis.—Zool. Beitr. 1, 301302.
Thienemann, A. (1929). Chironomiden-Metamorphosen. II. Die Sectio Tanytarsus genuinus.—Arch. Hydrobiol. Planktonk. 20, 93123.
Thienemann, A. (1935). Chironomiden-Metamorphosen. XII.—Dt. ent. Z. 2, 8696.
Thienemann, A. (1950). Lunzer Chironomiden. Ergebnisse von Untersuchungen der stehenden Gewässer des Lunzer Seengebietes (Niederösterreich).—Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. no. 18, 1202.
Thienemann, A. (1951). Tanytarsus-Studien II. Die Subsectio Paratanytarsus. Auf Grund der nachgelassenen Papiere Friedreich Wilh. Carl Krüger's.—Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. no. 18, 595632.
Williams, D. N. (1974). An infestation by a parthenogenetic chironomid.—Wat. Treat. & Exam. 23, 215229.
Zavřel, J. (1907). Paedogenese a parthenogenese u Tanytarsa.—Čas. české Spol. ent. 4, 6465.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

The parthenogenetic midge of water supply systems, Paratanytarsus grimmii (Schneider) (Diptera: Chironomidae)

  • P. H. Langton (a1), P. S. Cranston (a2) and P. Armitage (a3)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.