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Identification of components of cattle urine attractive to tsetse flies, Glossina spp. (Diptera: Glossinidae)

  • E. Bursell (a1), A. J. E. Gough (a1), P. S. Beevor (a2), A. Cork (a2), D. R. Hall (a2) and G. A. Vale (a3)...

Abstract

The attractiveness of cattle urine to Glossina morsitans morsitans Westwood and G. pallidipes Austen was shown to be entirely attributable to the phenolic components which it contains. Four of the eight naturally occurring phenol derivatives (3- and 4-methylphenol, 3-ethylphenol and 3-n-propylphenol) were electroantennographically active, induced upwind flight in wind-tunnel bioassays and increased trap catches in field tests in Zimbabwe. One of the minor components, 2-methoxyphenol, had little antennographic activity but induced upwind flight in the wind-tunnel and appeared to be repellent in field tests.

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Identification of components of cattle urine attractive to tsetse flies, Glossina spp. (Diptera: Glossinidae)

  • E. Bursell (a1), A. J. E. Gough (a1), P. S. Beevor (a2), A. Cork (a2), D. R. Hall (a2) and G. A. Vale (a3)...

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