Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Feeding, oviposition and survival of Liriomyza trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae) on Bt and non-Bt cottons

  • Z. Lei (a1) (a2), T.-X. Liu (a1) and S.M. Greenberg (a3)

Abstract

The effects of Bt transgenic cottons (Bt-I expressing cry1Ac and Bt-II expressing cry1Ab and cry2Ab or cry1Ab and cry1Fa) and non-Bt cottons on feeding, oviposition and longevity of adults, and development and survival of Liriomyza trifolii larvae were studied under laboratory conditions; and infestation on four Bt and two non-Bt cotton traits were investigated under field conditions. Laboratory choice and no-choice tests showed that L. trifolii adults were capable of distinguishing between Bt cottons and non-Bt cottons. In a choice test on younger plants (4–5 leaves), the adults were found more often and made more feeding punctures (FP) on non-Bt cottons than on Bt cottons. On older plants (8–9 leaves), adults made the most FP on non-Bt cotton followed by those on Bt-II cottons and the least on Bt-I cotton. The females oviposited more eggs (6.7 eggs per leaf) on non-Bt cotton than on Bt-I (1.7 eggs per leaf) and Bt-II (0.8 eggs per leaf) cottons on younger plants and oviposited similar numbers of eggs (0.7–1.3 eggs per leaf) on non-Bt and Bt cottons on older plants. In a no-choice test, the females also fed more FP on non-Bt cottons than on Bt cottons on both younger and older plants. The females oviposited more eggs (15.6 eggs per leaf) on non-Bt cotton than on Bt-I (8.2 eggs per leaf) and Bt-II (6.5 eggs per leaf) cottons on younger plants and similar numbers of eggs (2.5–3.3 eggs per leaf) on non-Bt and Bt cottons on older plants. Larval and puparial survivals were not different among Bt and non-Bt cottons. The occurrence and damage of leafminers on cottons in the field showed that L. trifolii infested more plants and leaves and had more mines on non-Bt cotton than on Bt cottons.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Author for correspondence Fax: +1 956-968 0641 E-mail: tx-liu@tamu.edu

References

Hide All
Bethke, J.A. & Parrella, M.P. (1985) Leaf puncturing, feeding and oviposition behavior of Liriomyza trifolii. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 39, 149154.
Chen, S., Wu, J., Zhou, B., Huang, J. & Zhang, R. (2000) On the temporal and spatial expression of Bt toxin protein in Bt transgenic cotton. Acta Gossypii Sinica 12, 189193.
Dekebo, A., Kashiwagi, T., Tebayashi, S. & Kim, C.S. (2007) Nitrogenous ovipositional deterrents in the leaves of sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum) at the mature stage against the leafminer, Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess). Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry 71, 421426.
Gencsoylu, I. (2003) A new pest, Liriomyza trifolii, on cotton in the Buyuk Menderes Valley, Turkey. Phytoparasitica 31, 330332.
Gomez, K.A. & Gomez, A.A. (1984) Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research, 2nd edn. 680 pp. New York, John Wiley & Sons.
Greenplate, J.T., Penn, S.R., Mullins, J.W. & Oppenhuizen, M. (2000) Seasonal Cry1Ac levels in DP50B: the Bollgard basis for Bollgard II. pp. 10391041in Dugger, P. & Richter, R. (Eds) Proceedings of Beltwide Cotton Conference. National Cotton Council of America, Memphis, TN, 48 January 2000, San Antonio, TX.
Hawthorne, D.J., Shapiro, J.A., Tingey, W.M. & Mutschler, M.A. (1992) Trichome-borne and artificially applied acylsugars of wild tomato deter feeding and oviposition of the leafminer Liriomyza trifolii. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 65, 6573.
Jeyakumar, P. & Uthamasamy, S. (1996) Ovipositional preference and damage potential of Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) on cotton. Journal of Entomological Research 20, 157161.
Kang, L. (1996) Ecology and Sustainable Control of Serpentine Leafminers. 254 pp. Beijing, China, Science Press.
Kashiwagi, T., Horibata, Y., Mekuria, D.B., Tebayashi, S. & Kim, C.S. (2005a) Ovipositional deterrent in the sweet pepper, Capsicum annuum, at the mature stage against Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess). Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry 69, 18311835.
Kashiwagi, T., Horibata, Y., Mekuria, D.B., Tebayashi, S. & Kim, C.S. (2005b) Ovipositional deterrent on mature stage of sweet pepper, Capsicum annuum, against Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess). Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung. Section C, Biosciences 60, 739742.
Kashiwagi, T., Mekuria, D.B., Dekebo, A., Sato, K., Tebayashi, S. & Kim, C.S. (2007) A new oviposition deterrent to the leafminer, Liriomyza trifolii: cucurbitane glucoside from Momordica charantia. Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung. Section C, Biosciences 62, 603607.
Kranthi, K.R., Naidu, S., Dhawad, C.S., Tatwawadi, A., Mate, K., Patil, E., Bharose, A.A., Behere, G.T., Wadaskar, R.M. & Kranthi, S. (2005) Temporal and intra-plant variability of Cry1Ac expression in Bt-cotton and its influence on the survival of the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera. Current Science 89, 291298.
Lei, Z.R., Zhu, C.J. & Zhang, C.Q. (2007a). Risk analysis of alien invasive Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) in China. Plant Protection 33, 3740.
Lei, Z.R., Yao, J.M., Zhu, C.J. & Wang, H.H. (2007b). Prediction of suitable areas for the Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess), in China. Plant Protection 33, 100103.
Liu, F., Yang, Y.Z., Lu, Y.H., Kang, X.X., Yu, Y.S., Chen, J., Wu, J.Y. & Wan, N.F. (2005) Effects of the transgenic Bt cotton on population dynamics of the cotton leaf-roller Sylepta derogata. Chinese Bulletin of Entomology 42, 275277.
Liu, Y.B., Tabashnik, B.E., Dennehy, T.J., Carriere, Y., Sims, M.A. & Meyer, S.K. (2002) Oviposition on and mining in bolls of Bt and non-Bt cotton by resistant and susceptible pink bollworm (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 95, 143148.
Mekuria, D.B., Kashiwagi, T., Tebayashi, S. & Kim, C.S. (2005) Cucurbitane triterpenoid oviposition deterrent from Momordica charantia to the leafminer, Liriomyza trifolii. Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry 69, 17061710.
Mekuria, D.B., Kashiwagi, T., Tebayashi, S. & Kim, C.S. (2006) Cucurbitane glucosides from Momordica charantia leaves as oviposition deterrents to the leafminer, Liriomyza trifolii. Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung. Section C, Biosciences 61, 8186.
Palumbo, J.C. (1992) Identification and occurrence of Liriomyza species associated with cotton in Arizona. Southwestern Entomologist 17, 6970.
Parrella, M.P. (1987). Biology of Liriomyza. Annual Review of Entomology 32, 201224.
Parrella, M.P., Allen, W.W. & Marishita, P. (1981) Leafminer species causes California chrysanthemum growers new problems. California Agriculture 35, 2830.
Parrella, M.P., Robb, K.L. & Bethke, J. (1983) Influence of selected host plants on the biology of Liriomyza trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 76, 112115.
Parrella, M.P., Jones, V.P., Youngman, R.R. & Lebeck, L.M. (1985) Effect of leaf mining and leaf stippling of Liriomyza spp. on photosynthetic rates of chrysanthemum. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 78, 9093.
Perlak, F.J., Deaton, R.W., Armstrong, T.A., Fuchs, R.L., Sims, S.R., Greenplate, J.T. & Fischhoff, D.A. (1990) Insect resistant cotton plants. Biotechnology 8, 939943.
SAS Institute. (2007) SAS/STAT version 9.1. Cary, NC, USA, SAS Institute.
Sharma, H.C. & Pampapathy, G. (2006). Influence of transgenic cotton on the relative abundance and damage by target and non-target insect pests under different protection regimes in India. Crop Protection 25, 800813.
Spencer, K.A. (1973) Agromyzidae (Diptera) of Economic Importance. Series Entomology vol. 9. 418 pp. The Hague, The Netherlands, Dr W. Junk BV Publishers.
Srinivasan, K., Viraktamath, C.A., Gupta, M. & Tewari, G.C. (1995) Geographical distribution, host range and parasitoids of serpentine leaf miner, Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) in South India. Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems 1, 93100.
Stegmaier, C.E. (1968) A review of recent literature of the host plant range of the genus Liriomyza (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in the continental United States and Hawaii, excluding Alaska. Florida Entomologist 51, 167182.
Torres, J.B. & Ruberson, J.R. (2006) Spatial and temporal dynamics of oviposition behavior of bollworm and three of its predators in Bt and non-Bt cotton field. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 120, 1122.
Wang, F., Xu, J., Feng, H.B. & Zhang, Q.W. (2003) Effects of transgenic Bt cotton on the biology of cotton bollworms in Xinjiang. Entomological Knowledge 40, 131135.
Webster, F.M. & Parks, T.H. (1913) The serpentine leafminer. Journal of Agricultural Research 1, 5987.
Wei, J.N., Zhu, J. & Kang, L. (2006) Volatiles released from bean plants in response to agromyzid files. Planta 224, 279287.
Wu, K., Guo, Y., Greenplate, J.T. & Deaton, R. (2003) Efficacy of transgenic cotton containing Cry1Ac gene from Bacillus thuringiensis against Helicoverpa armigera in northern China. Journal of Economic Entomology 96, 13221328.
Wu, Y.Q. & Guo, Y.Y. (2000a). Determination of tannin in cotton plant. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology 11, 243245.
Wu, Y.Q. & Guo, Y.Y. (2000b). Potential resistance of tannins-flavoniods in upland cotton against Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner). Acta Ecologica Sinica 21, 286289.
Xia, L., Xu, Q. & Guo, S. (2005) Bt insecticidal gene and its temporal expression in transgenic cotton plants. Acta Agronomica Sinica 31, 197202.
Yan, F.M., Xu, C.R., Bengtsson, M., Witzgall, P. & Anderson, P. (2002) Volatile compositions of transgenic Bt cotton and their electrophysiological effects on the cotton bollworm. Acta Entomologica Sinica 45, 425429.
Yan, F.M., Bengtsson, M., Anderson, P., Ansebo, L., Xu, C. & Witzgall, P. (2004). Antennal response of cotton bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera) to volatiles in transgenic Bt cotton. Journal of Applied Entomology 128, 354357.
Yathom, S. (1989) New pest and disease records. Liriomyza trifolii on cotton seedlings in Israel. Phytoparasitica 17, 327328.
Zhao, Y.X. & Kang, L. (2003) Olfactory responses of the leafminer Liriomyza sativae (Dipt., Agromyzidae) to the odours of host and non-host plants. Journal of Applied Entomology 127, 8084.
Zitter, T.A., Tsai, J.H. & Harris, K.F. (1980) Flies. pp. 165176in Harris, K.F. & Maramorosch, K. (Eds) Vectors of Plant Pathogens. New York, USA, Academic Press.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Feeding, oviposition and survival of Liriomyza trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae) on Bt and non-Bt cottons

  • Z. Lei (a1) (a2), T.-X. Liu (a1) and S.M. Greenberg (a3)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.