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Effects of the infection with Trypanosoma cruzi on the feeding and excretion/defecation patterns of Triatoma infestans

  • N. Pereyra (a1), P.A. Lobbia (a1) (a2) and G. Mougabure-Cueto (a1) (a2)

Abstract

Transmission of Trypanosma cruzi (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae) occurs when feces/urine of infected triatomines come into contact with mucous membranes or damaged skin, and this occurs mainly when insects defecate while feeding on the host. Thus, the vector competence of the triatomines is associated with their feeding and excretion/defecation behavior. This work studied for the first time the effect of T. cruzi infection on feeding and excretion/defecation patterns of Triatoma infestans (Hemiptera: Reduviidae). Uninfected and infected fifth-instar nymphs were fed ad libitum and their feeding behavior and defecations were registered during and after feeding. The feeding pattern did not show differences between the experimental groups. However, the infected nymphs began to defecate earlier, defecated in greater quantity and there was a greater proportion of defecating individuals compared to uninfected nymphs. These results show that T. cruzi affected the excretion/defecation pattern of T. infestans in a way that would increase the probability of contact between infective feces and the mammalian host.

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*Author for correspondence Phone: (54 3541) 481709 Fax: +54 9 3541 481709 E-mail: patalobbia@gmail.com

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Effects of the infection with Trypanosoma cruzi on the feeding and excretion/defecation patterns of Triatoma infestans

  • N. Pereyra (a1), P.A. Lobbia (a1) (a2) and G. Mougabure-Cueto (a1) (a2)

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