Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Diversity of lepidopteran stem borers on monocotyledonous plants in eastern Africa and the islands of Madagascar and Zanzibar revisited

  • B.P. Le Ru (a1), G.O. Ong'amo (a1), P. Moyal (a2), L. Ngala (a1), B. Musyoka (a1), Z. Abdullah (a3), D. Cugala (a4), B. Defabachew (a5), T.A. Haile (a6), T. Kauma Matama (a7), V.Y. Lada (a3), B. Negassi (a8), K. Pallangyo (a9), J. Ravolonandrianina (a10), A. Sidumo (a4), C.O. Omwega (a11), F. Schulthess (a11), P.A. Calatayud (a1) and J.F. Silvain (a2)...

Abstract

Surveys were completed in Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda and Zanzibar to assess the lepidopteran stem borer species diversity on wild host plants. A total of 24,674 larvae belonging to 135 species were collected from 75 species of wild host plants belonging to the Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Typhaceae. Amongst them were 44 noctuid species belonging to at least nine genera, 33 crambids, 15 pyralids, 16 Pyraloidea species not yet identified, 25 tortricids and three cossids. The noctuid larvae represented 73.6% of the total number of larvae collected, with 66.3, 3.5 and 3.8% found on Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Typhaceae, respectively. The Crambidae, Pyralidae, Tortricidae and Cossidae represented 19.8, 1.9, 2.5 and 0.1% of the total larvae collected, respectively, with 90.4% of the Crambidae and Pyralidae collected from Poaceae, and 99.7% of the Tortricidae collected from Cyperaceae. The lepidopteran stem borer species diversity in the wild host plants was far more diverse than previously reported.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Fax: 254 (2) 8632001 E-mail: bleru@icipe.org
DGIS funded Stemborer Biological Control NETwork for ESA (SBCNET)

References

Hide All
Atkinson, P.R. (1980) On the biology, distribution and natural host-plants of Eldana saccharina Walker (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa 43, 171194.
Berio, E. (1973) Nuove species e generi di noctuidae africane e asiatische e note sinonimiche. Parte II. Annali del museo civico di storia naturale “Giacomo doria” 79, 126171.
Berio, E. (1976) Nuovi generi e specie di noctuidae dell'Africa equatoriale. Annali del Museo civico di storia naturale “Giacomo doria” 81, 96123.
Bernays, E.A. & Chapman, R.F. (1994) Host-plant selection by phytophagous insects. 312 pp. New York, Chapman & Hall Inc.
Blezynski, S. (1970) A revision of the world species of Chilo Zincken (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology) 15, 101195.
Bowden, J. (1956) New species of African stem-boring Agrotidae (Lepidoptera). Bulletin of Entomological Research 47, 415428.
Bowden, J. (1976) Stem borer ecology and strategy for control. Annals of Applied Biology 84, 107111.
Coddington, J.A., Young, L.H. & Coyle, F.A. (1996) Estimating spider species richness in a southern Appalachian cove hard-wood forest. Journal of Arachnology 24, 111128.
Conlong, D.E. (1990) A study of pest–parasitoid relationships in natural habitats: an aid towards the biological control of Eldana saccharina (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Proceedings of South African Sugar Technologists' Association 64, 111115.
Epinette, S. (2003) Diversité spécifique et moléculaire des noctuelles foreuses de tige de graminées de la forêt de Kakamega (Kenya) en fonction de la plante hôte. 34 pp. MSc thesis, University of Paris, France.
Fletcher, D.S. (1961) Noctuidae. Ruwenzori Expedition 1952 1, 177323. British Museum (Natural History), London.
Gounou, S. & Schulthess, F. (2004) Spatial distribution of lepidopterous stemborers on indigenous host plants in West Africa and its implications for sampling schemes. African Entomology 12, 171178.
Guofa, Z., Overholt, W.A. & Mochiah, M.B. (2002) Changes in the distribution of lepidopteran maize stem borers in Kenya from 1950s to 1990s. Insect Science and Its Application 21, 395402.
Haile, A. & Hofsvang, T. (2001) Survey of lepidopterous stem borer pests of sorghum, maize and pearl millet in Eritrea. Crop Protection 20, 151157.
Holloway, J.D. (1998) Noctuidae. pp. 7986 in Polaszek, A. (Ed.) African cereal stem borers: economic importance, taxonomy, natural enemies and control. Wallingford, Oxon, CAB International.
Ingram, W.R. (1958) The lepidopterous stalk borers associated with Graminae in Uganda. Bulletin of Entomological Research 49, 367383.
Janse, A.J.T. (19371939) The moths of South Africa. Cymatophoridae, Callidulidae and Noctuidae (partim) 3. Published by the author.
Krüger, M. (2005) New genera and species of noctuid moths from Lesotho (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). African Entomology 13, 97142.
Laporte, B. (1975) Diagnoses de 17 nouvelles espèces de Noctuidae d'Ethiopie et du Kenya (Lépidoptères) (2ème note). Bulletin Mensuel de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 44, 277287.
Laporte, B. (1976) Diagnoses de nouveaux genres et de plusieurs espèces inédites de Noctuidae Trifinae (Lépidoptères) d'Ethiopie (3ème note). Bulletin Mensuel de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 45, 131136.
Mazodze, R. & Conlong, D.E. (2003) Eldana saccharina (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in sugarcane (Saccharum hybrids), sedges (Cyperus digitatus) and bulrush (Typha latifolia) in south-eastern Zimbabwe. Proceeding of the South African Sugar Technologists Association 77, 266274.
Nye, I.W.B. (1960) The insect pests of graminaceous crops in East Africa. Colonial Research Studies 31, 148.
Ong'amo, G.O., Le Rü, B., Dupas, S., Moyal, P., Calatayud, P.A. & Silvain, J.F. (2006) Distribution, pest status and agroclimatic preferences of lepidopteran stemborers of maize and sorghum in Kenya. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 42, in press.
Onyango, F.O. & Ochieng-Odero, J.P.R. (1994) Continuous rearing of the maize stem borer Busseola fusca on an artificial diet. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 73, 139144.
Polaszek, A. (1998) African cereal stem borers; economic importance, taxonomy, natural enemies and control. 530 pp. CAB International in association with the ACP-EU Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Co-operation (CTA).
Polaszek, A. & Khan, Z.R. (1998) Host plants. pp. 410 in Polaszek, A. (Ed.) African cereal stem borers: economic importance, taxonomy, natural enemies and control. Wallingford, Oxon, CAB International.
Randriamananoro, J.J. (1996) Behavioural and physiological responses of the cereal stalk borer Busseola fusca Fuller (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to selected cultivated and wild host plants. 241 pp. PhD thesis, River State University of Science and Technology, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
Rougeot, P.-C. (1984) Missions entomologiques en Ethiopie, 1976–1982. Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, (N.S.) Annale de Zoologie 193.
Rougeot, P.-C., Bourgogne, J. & Laporte, B. (1991) Les lépidoptères hétérocères d'Afrique Orientale. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (N.S.), 27, 407463.
Sampson, M.A. & Kumar, R. (1986) Alternative host plants of sugar cane borers in southern Ghana. Insect Science and Its Application 7, 539541.
Schulthess, F., Bosque-Perez, N.A., Chabi-Olaye, A., Gounou, S., Ndemah, R. & Goergen, G. (1997) Exchanging natural enemies species of lepidopterous cereal stemborers between African regions. Insect Science and Its Application 17, 97108.
Seshu Reddy, K.V. (1989) Sorghum stem borers in eastern Africa. pp. 3340 in Proceedings of the International Workshop of sorghum stem borers, 17–20. November 1987, ICRISAT Centre India, Patancheru, India.
Tams, W.H.T. & Bowden, J. (1953) A revision of the African species of Sesamia Guenée and related genera (Agrotidae-Lepidoptera). Bulletin of Entomological Research 43, 645678.
Viette, P. (1967) Insectes Lépidoptères Noctuidae Amphipyrinae et Millicleptriinae. Faune de Madagascar. ORSTOM-CNRS 20, 343617.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed