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Attraction to mammals of male Mansonia (Mansonioides) (Diptera: Culicidae)

  • S. B. McIver (a1), T. J Wilkes (a1) and M. T Gillies (a1)

Abstract

Field experiments were conducted in the Gambia, West Africa, on the density of mosquitoes approaching animal baits (two goats). Using an array of ramp-suction traps arranged radially around baits, it was found that the density of Mansonia males was significantly greater at a distance 3 m from the bait than at distances of 7 and 15 m. By contrast, catches of Culex and Anopheles males were no higher at 3 m than at greater distances. It is concluded that Mansonia males, but not males of the other genera studied, are attracted to mammals from at least 3 m. Catches of Mansonia females were greater at 3 and 7 m than at 15 m, indicating that they are attracted to hosts from a greater distance than the males. This behaviour facilitates mate-finding by bringing the sexes together in the vicinity of the host.

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Attraction to mammals of male Mansonia (Mansonioides) (Diptera: Culicidae)

  • S. B. McIver (a1), T. J Wilkes (a1) and M. T Gillies (a1)

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