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Performance of Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) clones on different host-plants and their host preference

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 March 2007

N.N. Nikolakakis
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Entomology and Agricultural Zoology, Department of Crop Production and Agricultural Environment, University of Thessaly, Fytokou Str. 38 446, Nea Ionia, Magnesia, Greece
J.T. Margaritopoulos
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Entomology and Agricultural Zoology, Department of Crop Production and Agricultural Environment, University of Thessaly, Fytokou Str. 38 446, Nea Ionia, Magnesia, Greece
J.A. Tsitsipis*
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Entomology and Agricultural Zoology, Department of Crop Production and Agricultural Environment, University of Thessaly, Fytokou Str. 38 446, Nea Ionia, Magnesia, Greece
*
*Fax: +32 0421 0 93286 E-mail: tsitsipi@uth.gr

Abstract

The performance of eighteen clones of Myzus persicae (Sulzer) on pepper and tobacco plants at 20°C and L16:D8 and the choice of young adult apterae between tobacco and pepper leaf-discs were examined. The clones were collected from weeds and peach in two tobacco-growing regions: Katerini, northern Greece and Karditsa, central Greece (only from weeds) and from Lehonia, central eastern Greece where tobacco is not cultivated. All clones did well on both hosts. However, the analysis of data revealed a significant effect of ‘region / host plant origin’ on aphid performance. The mean values of adult weight, intrinsic rate of increase and fecundity of the clones collected in Lehonia and reared on tobacco were significantly lower than the observed values for clones from Katerini and Karditsa. Aphids from Lehonia had significantly higher mean values for developmental time on tobacco than clones from the other regions whereas the opposite was observed when aphids were reared on pepper. Aphids collected in Lehonia performed better on pepper than those originating from the tobacco-growing regions. A choice test revealed differences among the clones originating from different regions. Fifty three percent and 43% of aphids from weeds and peach from Lehonia, respectively, chose pepper. By comparison 41.5% and 40.0% of aphids from peach and weeds from Katerini, respectively and 49.5% of aphids from Karditsa preferred tobacco. The results are discussed in relation to host specialization in M. persicae.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2003

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