Hostname: page-component-7479d7b7d-jwnkl Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-07-13T14:29:02.388Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Performance of Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) clones on different host-plants and their host preference

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 March 2007

N.N. Nikolakakis
Laboratory of Entomology and Agricultural Zoology, Department of Crop Production and Agricultural Environment, University of Thessaly, Fytokou Str. 38 446, Nea Ionia, Magnesia, Greece
J.T. Margaritopoulos
Laboratory of Entomology and Agricultural Zoology, Department of Crop Production and Agricultural Environment, University of Thessaly, Fytokou Str. 38 446, Nea Ionia, Magnesia, Greece
J.A. Tsitsipis*
Laboratory of Entomology and Agricultural Zoology, Department of Crop Production and Agricultural Environment, University of Thessaly, Fytokou Str. 38 446, Nea Ionia, Magnesia, Greece
*Fax: +32 0421 0 93286 E-mail:


The performance of eighteen clones of Myzus persicae (Sulzer) on pepper and tobacco plants at 20°C and L16:D8 and the choice of young adult apterae between tobacco and pepper leaf-discs were examined. The clones were collected from weeds and peach in two tobacco-growing regions: Katerini, northern Greece and Karditsa, central Greece (only from weeds) and from Lehonia, central eastern Greece where tobacco is not cultivated. All clones did well on both hosts. However, the analysis of data revealed a significant effect of ‘region / host plant origin’ on aphid performance. The mean values of adult weight, intrinsic rate of increase and fecundity of the clones collected in Lehonia and reared on tobacco were significantly lower than the observed values for clones from Katerini and Karditsa. Aphids from Lehonia had significantly higher mean values for developmental time on tobacco than clones from the other regions whereas the opposite was observed when aphids were reared on pepper. Aphids collected in Lehonia performed better on pepper than those originating from the tobacco-growing regions. A choice test revealed differences among the clones originating from different regions. Fifty three percent and 43% of aphids from weeds and peach from Lehonia, respectively, chose pepper. By comparison 41.5% and 40.0% of aphids from peach and weeds from Katerini, respectively and 49.5% of aphids from Karditsa preferred tobacco. The results are discussed in relation to host specialization in M. persicae.

Research Article
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2003

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Bernays, E. & Chapman, R.F. (1994) In Host-plant selection by phytophagous insects. pp New York: Chapman & Hall.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blackman, R.L. (1987) Morphological discrimination of a tobacco-feeding form from Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Hemiptera: Aphididae), and a key to New World Myzus (Nectarosiphon) species. Bulletin of Entomological Research 77, 713730.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blackman, R.L. (1990) Specificity in aphid/plant genetic interactions, with particular attention to the role of the alate colonizer. pp 251274. in Campbell, R.K. & Eikenbary, R.D. (Eds) Aphid-plant genotype interactions. New York: Elsevier.Google Scholar
Blackman, R.L. & Eastop, V.F. (1984) Aphids of the world's crops: an identification and information guide. London: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
Blackman, R.L. & Eastop, V.F. (in press) Taxonomic issues. in Van Emden, H.F. & Harrington, R. (Ed.) Aphids as crop pests. Wallingford, Oxon: CAB International.Google Scholar
Blackman, R.L. & Spence, J.M. (1992) Electrophoretic distinction between the peach–potato aphid, Myzus persicae and the tobacco aphid, Myzus nicotianae (Homoptera: Aphididae). Bulletin of Entomological Research 82, 161165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blackman, R., Malarky, G., Margaritopoulos, J., Kephalogianni, T., Tsitsipis, J. & Wilson, A. (2001) Tobacco aphid, or not tobacco aphid – that is the question! Sixth International Symposium on Aphids ‘Aphids in a New Millennium’. 3–7 September 2001. Rennes, France.Google Scholar
Clements, K.M., Wiegmann, B.M., Sorenson, C.E., Smith, C.F., Neese, P.A. & Roe, R.M. (2000) Genetic variation in the Myzus persicae complex (Homoptera: Aphididae): evidence for a single species. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 93, 3146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Douglas, A.E. (1997) Provenance, experience and plant utilization by the phytopagous aphid, Aphis fabae. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 83, 161170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dixon, A.F.G. (1998) In Aphid ecology. 2nd edn. London: Chapman & Hall.Google Scholar
Field, L.M., Javed, N., Stribley, M.F. & Devonshire, A.L. (1994) The peach–potato aphid Myzus persicae and the tobacco aphid Myzus nicotianae have the same esterase-based mechanisms of insecticide resistance. Insect Molecular Biology 3, 143148.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Greer, E. & Nielsen, M.T. (1988) Leaf trichomes in tobacco-insect relationships: II. Resistance to green peach aphid Myzus persicae. Tobacco Science 32, 6670.Google Scholar
Katis, N., Chryssochoou, A. & Woods, R. (1992) Tobacco viruses in Greece. p. 159 in Information Bulletin, Coresta Congress, 11–16 October 1992 pp Jerez de la Frontera, Spain.Google Scholar
Lushai, G., Sherratt David, O., De Barro, P.J. & Maclean, N. (1997) Host selection by winged summer females of the aphid Sitobion avenae. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 85, 199209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
MacKenzie, A. (1991) Host utilization in aphids. PhD thesis, Norwich: University of East Anglia.Google Scholar
Mackenzie, A. (1996) A trade-off for host plant utilization in the black bean aphid, Aphis fabae. Evolution 50, 155162.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Margaritopoulos, J.T., Tsitsipis, J.A., Zintzaras, E. & Blackman, R.L. (2000) Host-correlated morphological variation of Myzus persicae (Homoptera: Aphididae) populations in Greece. Bulletin of Entomological Research 90, 233244.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Markkula, M. & Roukka, K. (1970) Resistance of plants to the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum Harris (Hom., Aphididae). Annales Agricales Fennica 9, 127132.Google Scholar
Semtner, P.J., Tilson, W.M. & Dara, S.K. (1998) Performance of the tobacco aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) on various host plants. Journal of Entomological Science 32, 180195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Severson, R.F., Eckel, R.V.W. & Jackson, D.M. (1985) Cuticular constituents of tobacco: factors affecting their production and their role in insect disease resistance and smoke quality. Recent Advances in Tobacco Science 11, 105174.Google Scholar
Severson, R., Jackson, D.M., Johnson, A.W., Eckel, R.V.W. & Stephenson, M.G. (1992) The cuticular chemistry of aphid resistant tobaccos. p. 144 in Information Bulletin, Coresta Congress, 11–16 October 1992, Jerez de la Frontera, Spain.Google Scholar
Shaposhnikov, G.C. (1961) Specificity and the development of adaptations to new hosts in aphids (Homoptera, Aphidoidea) in the course of natural selection (an experimental study). Entomologie Obozraphie 40, 739762.Google Scholar
Thompson, J.N. (1988) Coevolution and alternative hypotheses on insect/plant interactions. Ecology 69, 893895.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thurston, R. (1970) Toxicity of trichome exudates of Nicotiana and Petunia species to tobacco hornworm larvae. Journal of Economic Entomology 63, 272274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thurston, R., Smith, W.T. & Cooper, B.P. (1966) Alkaloid secretion by trichomes of Nicotiana species and resistance to aphids. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 9, 428432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Via, S. (1991a) The genetic structure of host plant adaptation in a spatial patchwork: demographic variability among reciprocally transplanted pea aphid clones. Evolution 45, 827852.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Via, S. (1991b) Specialized host plant performance of pea aphid clones is not altered by experience. Ecology 72, 14201427.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Via, S. (1999) Reproductive isolation between sympatric races of pea aphids. I. Gene flow restriction and habitat choice. Evolution 53. 14461457.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Via, S., Bouck, A.C. & Skillman, S. (2000) Reproductive isolation between divergent races of pea aphids on two hosts. II. Selection against migrants and hybrids in the parental environment. Evolution 54, 16261637.Google Scholar
Weber, G. (1985) Genetic variability in host plant adaptation of green peach aphid, Myzus persicae. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 38, 4956.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wyatt, I.J. & White, P.F. (1977) Simple estimation of intrinsic rates for aphids and tetranychid mites. Journal of Applied Ecology 14, 757766.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zitoudi, K., Margaritopoulos, J.T., Mamuris, Z. & Tsitsipis, J.A. (2001) Genetic variation in Myzus persicae (Homoptera: Aphididae) population associated with host-plant and life cycle category. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 99, 303311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar