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Influence of green light illumination at night on biological characteristics of the oriental armyworm, Mythimna separata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 June 2019


K.-N. Kim
Affiliation:
Hubei Insect Resources Utilization and Sustainable Pest Management Key Laboratory, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei, China Institute for Biodiversity, State Academy of Sciences, Pyongyang, Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Y.-C. Jo
Affiliation:
Institute of Zoology, State Academy of Sciences, Pyongyang, Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Z.-J. Huang
Affiliation:
Hubei Insect Resources Utilization and Sustainable Pest Management Key Laboratory, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei, China
Hye-Seng Song
Affiliation:
Institute for Biodiversity, State Academy of Sciences, Pyongyang, Democratic People's Republic of Korea
K.-H. Ryu
Affiliation:
Institute for Biodiversity, State Academy of Sciences, Pyongyang, Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Q.-Y. Huang
Affiliation:
Hubei Insect Resources Utilization and Sustainable Pest Management Key Laboratory, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei, China
C.-L. Lei
Affiliation:
Hubei Insect Resources Utilization and Sustainable Pest Management Key Laboratory, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei, China
Corresponding

Abstract

The oriental armyworm, Mythimna separata is an important crop pest in eastern Asia. Nocturnal insects, including nocturnal moths, have phototactic behavior to an artificial light source. Phototactic behavior in insects is species-specific in response to different wavelengths of light sources. Our previous study showed that green (520 nm) light emitting diode (LED) light resulted in a significantly higher phototactic behavior in M. separata moths compared to the other wavelength LED lights. The goal of the present study is to investigate the influence of green light illumination on biological characteristics of different developmental stages in M. separata. Our results revealed that when different developmental stages of M. separata were exposed to the green light illumination in a dark period, several biological characteristics in all developmental stages except for egg stage were positively changed, but those of F1 generation M. separata which are next generation of the adults exposed to the green light did not significantly change compared with the control level. These findings suggest that green light illumination at night (or dark period) has a positive effect on the development and longevity of M. separata.


Type
Research Paper
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2019 

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