Published online by Cambridge University Press: 10 July 2009
Investigations have been made on the influence of environmental conditions on the contact toxicity to adult mosquitos (Anopheles stephensi List.) of two kinds of insecticidal deposits of importance in sprayed houses, superficial deposits from wettable powders and insecticides sorbed on dried soils.
Increasing the relative humidity from 43 to 80 per cent, during the contact period had no effect on the toxicity of wettable-powder deposits on plywood of dieldrin, Sevin and O-methyl O-(2,4,5-trichlorophenyl) ethylphosphoramidothioate. On the other hand, the availability of DDT, dieldrin and 3-isopropylphenyl N-methylearbamate sorbed on dried soils increased considerably as atmospheric humidity increased. The logarithm of the median lethal exposure time was linearly related to atmospheric humidity, and decreased by a factor of 2·8, 2·2 and 2·1 for the carbamate, dieldrin and DDT, respectively, for each 10 per cent, increase in relative humidity. There was also a linear relationship between the logarithm of the water uptake of a given soil and humidity.
Temperature affected the action of insecticides during both the contact period and the post-treatment period. Median lethal doses of dieldrin, Sevin and the phosphoramidothioate decreased, and that of DDT increased, as the post-treatment temperature increased from 20 to 30°C. These effects of the post-treatment temperature were also found when treatment was by exposure to residues. When these effects were eliminated it was found that the contact toxicity of superficial deposits on plywood and of insecticides sorbed on dried soils increased as the temperature during the exposure period increased. A simple relationship between median lethal time and exposure temperature was indicated.
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