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Distribution of common genotypes of Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in Greece, in relation to life cycle and host plant

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  24 May 2007

R.L. Blackman*
Affiliation:
Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, London, SW7 5BD, UK
G. Malarky
Affiliation:
Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, London, SW7 5BD, UK
J.T. Margaritopoulos
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Entomology and Agricultural Zoology, Department of Agriculture Crop Production and Rural Environment, University of Thessaly, Fytokou Street, 384 46 Nea Ionia, Magnesia, Greece
J.A. Tsitsipis
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Entomology and Agricultural Zoology, Department of Agriculture Crop Production and Rural Environment, University of Thessaly, Fytokou Street, 384 46 Nea Ionia, Magnesia, Greece
*
*Fax: 020 7942 5229 E-mail: r.blackman@nhm.ac.uk

Abstract

Microsatellite genotyping was used to identify common clones in populations of the Myzus persicae group from various hosts and regions in mainland Greece and southern Italy and to compare their distribution and occurrence on tobacco and other crops. Common clones were defined as genotypes collected at more than one time or in more than one population; and, therefore, unlikely to be participating in the annual sexual phase on peach. Sixteen common genotypes were found, accounting for 49.0% of the 482 clonal lineages examined. Eight of these genotypes were subjected, in the laboratory, to short days and found to continue parthenogenetic reproduction, i.e. they were anholocyclic. Four of the six commonest genotypes were red, and one of these accounted for 29.6% of the samples from tobacco and 29.4% of those from overwintering populations on weeds. All six commonest genotypes were found on weeds and five of them both on tobacco and on other field crops. In mainland Greece, the distribution of common clones corresponded closely with that of anholocyclic lineages reported in a previous study of life cycle variation. Common genotypes were in the minority in the commercial peach-growing areas in the north, except on weeds in winter and in tobacco seedbeds in early spring, but predominated further south, away from peach trees. This contrasts with the situation in southern Italy, reported in a previous paper, where peaches were available for the sexual phase, yet all samples from tobacco were of common genotypes.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2007

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