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Blue light-induced immunosuppression in Bactrocera dorsalis adults, as a carryover effect of larval exposure

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 May 2017

K. Tariq
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Institute of Urban and Horticultural Entomology, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, People's Republic of China Department of Agriculture, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
M. Noor
Affiliation:
Molecular Biotechnology Laboratory, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei 430070, People's Republic of China
M. Hori
Affiliation:
Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai 981-8555, Japan
A. Ali
Affiliation:
Department of Agriculture, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
A. Hussain
Affiliation:
Department of Agriculture, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
W. Peng
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Institute of Urban and Horticultural Entomology, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, People's Republic of China
C.-J. Chang
Affiliation:
Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences University of Georgia, Griffin, GA 30223, USA
H. Zhang
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Institute of Urban and Horticultural Entomology, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, People's Republic of China
Corresponding

Abstract

Detrimental effects of ultraviolet (UV) light on living organisms are well understood, little is known about the effects of blue light irradiation. Although a recent study revealed that blue light caused more harmful effects on insects than UV light and blue light irradiation killed insect pests of various orders including Diptera, the effects of blue light on physiology of insects are still largely unknown. Here we studied the effects of blue light irradiation on cuticular melanin in larval and the immune response in adult stage of Bactrocera dorsalis. We also evaluated the effects of blue light exposure in larval stage on various age and mass at metamorphosis and the mediatory role of cuticular melanin in carryover effects of larval stressors across metamorphosis. We found that larvae exposed to blue light decreased melanin contents in their exoskeleton with smaller mass and delayed metamorphosis than insects reared without blue light exposure. Across metamorphosis, lower melanotic encapsulation response and higher susceptibility to Beauveria bassiana was detected in adults that had been exposed to blue light at their larval stage, thereby constituting the first evidence that blue light impaired adult immune function in B. dorsalis as a carryover effect of larval exposure.

Type
Research Papers
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2017 

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Blue light-induced immunosuppression in Bactrocera dorsalis adults, as a carryover effect of larval exposure
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