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Vitamin B intake and status in healthy Havanan men, 2 years after the Cuban neuropathy epidemic

  • Josiane Arnaud (a1), Pedro Fleites-Mestre (a2), Michelle Chassagne (a3), Tomas Verdura (a4), Isabel Garcia Garcia (a5), Teresa Hernandez-Fernandez (a2), Hortensia Gautier (a6), Alain Favier (a1), Rafael Pérez-Cristià (a2), Jacques Barnouin (a3) and Neuropathy epidemic group (a7)...

Abstract

A prospective epidemiological study was carried out over 1 year to evaluate vitamin B complex dietary intake and status in Cuba, 2 years after the Cuban neuropathy epidemic of 1993. Of the 199 healthy middle-aged men selected, 141 completed the study. Volunteers were followed up every 3 months for 1 year. Dietary intake and status of thiamin, riboflavin, vitamin B6, folate and vitamin B12 were assessed each time. The dietary intake of vitamin B complex was low, particularly in June and July (folate), and October (thiamin). A deficient status was observed for vitamin B complex, except for vitamin B6. Vitamin B complex intake and status varied over the year. However, dietary intake and status were poorly related. The results prove that healthy Cuban men represent a vulnerable population in terms of vitamin B complex status and stress the necessity to both promote preventive multivitamin supplementation and produce local food rich in vitamin B complex.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Dr Josiane Arnaud, fax +33 4 7676 58 21, email Josiane.Arnaud@ujf-grenoble.fr

References

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