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Validation of dietary intakes measured by diet history against24 h urinary nitrogen excretion and energy expenditure measuredby the doubly-labelled water method in middle-aged women

  • Alison E. Black (a1), Ailsa A. Welch (a1) and Sheila A. Bingham

Abstract

A diet history method for estimating energy and N intakes was validated against 24 h urinary N excretion and energy expenditure measured by the doubly-labelled water (DLW) method. Forty-eight women aged 50–65 years were studied over 1 year. Weighed diet records from 4 d and two 24 h urine collections, for measurement of urinary N excretion, were obtained in each of four seasons. At the end of the year, a diet history was obtained, BMR was measured by whole-body calorimetry, and, in sixteen women, total energy expenditure (EE) was measured by DLW. Energy intake (EI) and N intake (NI) were calculated using food tables. Using weighed records and diet history respectively mean NI were 11·21 (SD 2·09) G AND 11·47 (sd 2·40) g (NS) and EI were 8·08 (sd 1·54) MJ and 8·20 (sd 1·86) MJ (NS). Mean urine N : NI and EI : BMR values indicated bias to under-reporting by weighed record and diet history techniques in some individuals, but there was no significant difference between these measures at the group level. The Pearson correlation coefficient (r) for urine N v. NI was 0·81 for the weighed record and 0·38 for the diet history. The correlation of EE v. EI was r 0·48 for weighed record and r 0·11 for diet history. In this study the diet history gave the same estimate of mean intake, but the weighed record appeared to perform better in ranking individuals.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author: Ailsa Welch, present address: EPIC, Strangeways Research Laboratory, Worts Causeway, Cambridge CB1 8RN, UK, fax +44 (0)1223 740 177, email ailsa.welch@srl.cam.ac.uk

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Keywords

Validation of dietary intakes measured by diet history against24 h urinary nitrogen excretion and energy expenditure measuredby the doubly-labelled water method in middle-aged women

  • Alison E. Black (a1), Ailsa A. Welch (a1) and Sheila A. Bingham

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