Barany, E, Bergdahl, I, Bratteby, L-E, Lundh, T, Samuelson, G, Schutz, A, Skerfving, S & Oskarsson, A (2002) Trace elements in blood and serum of Swedish adolescents: relation to gender, age, residential area, and socioeconomic status. Environ Res 89, 72–84.
Becker, D, Romic, Z, Krsnjavi, H & Zima, Z (1992) A contribution to the world selenium map. Biol Trace Elem Res 33, 43–49.
Behne, D, Hilmert, H, Scheid, S, Gessner, H, Kyriakopoulos, A & Elger, W (1989) Studies on new selenoproteins and specific selenium target tissues. In Selenium in Biology and Medicine, pp. 14–20 [Wendel, A, editor]. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
Bratter, P, Negretti de Bratter, VE, Jaffe, WG & Mendez Castellano, H (1991) Selenium status of children living in seleniferous areas of Venezuela. J Trace Elem Electrolytes Health Dis 5, 269–270.
Brtková, A, Magálová, T, Babinská, K & Béderová, A (1994) Serum selenium levels in Slovak population. Biol Trace Elem Res 46, 163–171.
Chanoine, J-P (2003) Selenium and thyroid function in infants, children and adolescents. Biofactors 19, 137–143.
Chen, X, Yang, G, Chen, J, Chen, X, Wen, Z & Ge, K (1980) Studies on the relation of selenium and Keshan disease. Biol Trace Elem Res 2, 91–107.
Combs, GF Jr (2001) Selenium in global food systems. Br J Nutr 85, 517–547.
Cser, M, Kovacs, I, Bocskai, E, Sziklai-Laszio, I & Adanyi, N (2002) Selenium (Se) and blood lead (Pb) in allergic rhinitis and asthma in Hungarian children and adults. Allergy 57, 345.
Cser, MA, Sziklai-Laszio, I, Menzel, H & Lombeck, I (1996) Selenium and glutathione peroxidase activity in Hungarian children. J Trace Elem Med Biol 10, 167–173.
Darlow, BA, Inder, TE, Graham, PJ, Sluis, KB, Malpas, TJ, Taylor, BJ & Winterbourn, CC (1995) The relationship of selenium status to respiratory outcome in the very low birth weight infant. Pediatrics 96, 314–319.
Duffield, AJ & Thomson, CD (1999) A comparison of methods of assessment of dietary selenium intakes in Otago, New Zealand. Br J Nutr 82, 131–138.
Duffield, AJ, Thomson, CD, Hill, KE & Williams, S (1999) An estimation of selenium requirements for New Zealanders. Am J Clin Nutr 70, 896–903.
Erdogan, M, Erdogan, G, Sav, H, Gullu, S & Kamel, N (2001) Endemic goiter, thiocyanate overload, and selenium status in school-age children. Biol Trace Elem Res 79, 121–130.
Flatt, A, Pearce, N, Thomson, CD, Sears, M, Robinson, MF & Beasley, R (1990) Reduced selenium status in asthma subjects in New Zealand. Thorax 45, 95–99.
Fraga, J, Cocho de Juan, J, Pico, C & Cervilla, J (1994) Serum selenium levels in Spain related to different age groups. Proceedings of STDA's Fifth International Symposium 810 May 1994, Brussels, pp. 157–158.
Glauser, T, Titanic-Schefft, M & Pippenger, C (1999) Racial differences in free radical scavenging enzyme activity in children. J Child Neurol 14, 382–387.
Gregory, J & Lowe, S (2000) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Young People Aged 4 to 18 Years, vol. 1, Report of the Diet and Nutrition Survey. London: Stationery Office.
Hincal, F, Basaran, N, Yetgin, S & Gokmen, O (1994) Selenium status in Turkey. II. Serum selenium concentration in healthy residents of different ages in Ankara. J Trace Elem Electrolytes Health Dis 8, 9–12.
Jacobson, BH & Lockitch, G (1988) Direct determination of selenium in serum by graphite-furnace atomic absorption spectrometry with deuterium background detection and a reduced palladium modifier: age-specific reference ranges. Clin Chem 34, 709–714.
Jochum, F, Terwolbeck, K, Meinhold, H, Behne, D, Menzel, H & Lombeck, I (1999) Is there any health risk of low dietary selenium supply in PKU-children? Nutrition Res 19, 349–360.
Levander, OA (1982) Clinical consequences of low selenium intake and its relationship to vitamin E. Ann N Y Acad Sci 393, 70–80.
Lombeck, I (1977) The selenium state of healthy children. I. Serum selenium concentration at different ages: activity of glutathione peroxidase of erythrocytes at different ages; selenium content of food of infants. Eur J Pediatr 125, 81–88.
(2002) Fortified Foods Available in New Zealand. Auckland: Manufactured Food Database.
Marano, G, Spagnolo, A, Morisi, G & Menotti, A (1991) Changes of serum selenium and serum cholesterol in children during sexual maturation. J Trace Elem Electrolytes Health Dis 5, 59–61.
McKenzie, RL, Rea, HM, Thomson, CD & Robinson, MF (1978) Selenium concentration and glutathione peroxidase activity in blood of New Zealand infants and children. Am J Clin Nutr 31, 1413–1418.
McLachlan, SK, Thomson, CD, Ferguson, EL & McKenzie, JE (2004) Dietary and biochemical selenium status of urban 6–24 month old South Island New Zealand children and their post-partum mothers. J Nutr 134, 3290–3295.
Micetic-Turk, D, Turk, Z & Radoll, L (1996) Serum selenium values in healthy children aged 1–18 years in NE Slovenia. Eur J Clin Nutr 50, 192–194.
Mikac-Devic, M, Ferenec, D & Tiefenbach, A (1990) Selenium levels in untreated children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. I. J Trace Elem Electrolytes Health Dis 4, 7–10.
Muntau, AC, Streiter, M, Kappler, M, Roschinger, W, Schmid, I, Rehnert, A, Schramel, P & Roscher, AA (2002) Age-related reference values for serum selenium concentrations in infants and children. Clin Chem 48, 555–560.
Mussalo-Rauhamaa, H, Vuori, E, Lehto, J, Akerblom, H & Rasanen, L (1993) Increase in serum selenium levels in Finnish children and young adults during 1980–1986: a correlation between the serum levels and the estimated intake. Eur J Clin Nutr 47, 711–717.
(2002) FOODfiles: Datafiles of the New Zealand Food Composition Database, OCNZ00. Palmerston North: New Zealand Institute for Crop & Food Research.
Parnell, W, Scragg, R, Wilson, N, Schaaf, D & Fitzgerald, E (2003) NZ Food, NZ Children, Key Results of the 2002 National Children's Nutrition Survey. Wellington: Ministry of Health.
Rayman, MP (2000) The importance of selenium to human health. Lancet 356, 233–241.
Rossipal, E & Tiran, B (1995) Selenium and glutathione peroxidase levels in healthy infants and children in Austria and the influence of nutrition regimens on these levels. Nutrition 11, 573–575.
Rubin, R, Navon, L & Cassano, P (2004) Relationship of serum antioxidants to asthma prevalence in youth. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 169, 393–398.
Salmond, C & Crampton, R (2002) NZDep2001 Index of Deprivation. Wellington: Department of Public Health Wellington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Otago.
Shaw, R, Woodman, K, Crane, J, Moyes, C, Kennedy, J & Pearce, N (1994) Risk factors for asthma symptoms in Kawerau children [see comments]. . N Z Med J 107, 387–391.
Stone, J, Hinks, LJ, Beasley, R, Holgate, ST & Clayton, BA (1989) Reduced selenium status in patients with asthma. Clin Sci 77, 495–500.
Thomas, A, Miller, W, Shenkin, A, Fell, G & Taylor, F (1994) Selenium and glutathione peroxidase status in paediatric health and gastrointestinal diseases. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 19, 213–219.
Thomson, C, McLachlan, S, Grant, A, Paterson, E & Lillico, A (2005) The effect of selenium on thyroid status in a population with marginal selenium and iodine status. Br J Nutr 962–968.
Thomson, CD (2004a) Selenium and iodine intakes and status in New Zealand and Australia. Br J Nutr 91, 661–672.
Thomson, CD (2004b) Assessment of requirements for selenium and adequacy of selenium status: a review. Eur J Clin Nutr 58, 391–402.
Thomson, CD (2004c) Interaction between selenium and iodine in thyroid status. Metal Ions Biol Med 8, 552–554.
Thomson, CD & Robinson, MF (1996) The changing selenium status of New Zealand residents. Eur J Clin Nutr 50, 107–114.
Thomson, CD, Robinson, MF, Butler, JA & Whanger, PD (1993) Long-term supplementation with selenate and selenomethionine: selenium and glutathione peroxidase (EC 18.104.22.168) in blood components of New Zealand women. Br J Nutr 69, 577–588.
van Biervliet, S, van Biervliet, J-P, Bernard, D, Matthys, M, Vercaemst, R & Blaton, V (2001) Serum α-tocopherol and selenium in Belgian infants and children. Biol Trace Elem Res 79, 115–120.
van Caillie-Bertrand, M, Degenhart, H & Fernandes, J (1986) Influence of age on the selenium status in Belgium and The Netherlands. Pediatr Res 20, 574–576.
van Cauwenbergh, R, Robberecht, H & Deelstra, H (1995) Serum selenium levels in Greek B-thalassemia patients. J Trace Elem Electrolytes Health Dis 12, 20–25.
Vannoort, RW & Thomson, BM (2005) 2003/04 New Zealand Total Diet Survey. Wellington: New Zealand Food Safety Authority.
Wang, W-C, Näntö, V, Mäkelä, A & Mäkelä, P (1995) Effect of nationwide selenium supplementation status in children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. A ten year follow up study. Analyst 120, 955–958.
Wasowicz, W, Gromadzinska, J, Rydzynski, K & Tomczak, J (2003) Selenium status of low-selenium area residents: Polish experience. Toxicol Lett 137, 95–101.
Watkinson, JH (1981) Changes in blood selenium in New Zealand adults with time and importation of Australian wheat. Am J Clin Nutr 34, 936–942.
Xia, Y, Hill, KE, Byrne, DW, Xu, J & Burk, RF (2005) Effectiveness of selenium supplements in a low-selenium area of China. Am J Clin Nutr 81, 829–831.
Zimmerman, M & Kohrle, J (2002) The impact of iron and selenium deficiencies on iodine and thyroid metabolism: biochemistry and relevance to public health. Thyroid 12, 867–878.
Zwolinska, D, Grzeszczak, W, Kilis-Pstrusinska, K, Szprynger, K & Szczepanska, M (2004) Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymes in children with chronic renal failure. Pediatr Nephrol 19, 888–892.