Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

The sequential feeding of growing chickens

  • R. M. Gous (a1) and J. J. Du Preez (a1)

Abstract

1. Male chickens, 1 week old, were fed alternately for 6 or 12 h periods with diets complementary in their amino acid composition. The isonitrogenous, isoenergetic diets were based on fish meal or sunflower meal as the sole source of protein, or fish meal–sunflower meal (40:60, w/w); each diet contained 120 g crude protein/kg. Other groups of chickens were given these diets ad lib.

Net protein utilization (NPU) values obtained after a 1-week experimental period indicated that sequential feeding for both 6 and 12 h resulted in significantly improved responses compared with chickens given the same diets ad lib. These results suggested that the two protein sources, although provided at separate times, could complement each other.

2. In certain treatments there was a 6 or 12 h fasting period between feeding periods to reduce the effect of nutrients from the previous period.

3. For alternate feeding and fasting periods of 6 h with the combined diet, food intake and gain in body-weight were both significantly reduced compared with the corresponding values for the combined diet fed ad lib. The NPU value was virtually the same for both treatments. For 12 h periods of alternate feeding and fasting the gain in body-weight was only just significantly lower than that for the control group (combined diet fed ad lib.), but the NPU value was highly significantly better than that for the control group.

4. For the treatments which included 6 and 12 h fasting periods between the two singleprotein diets, the food intake and gain in body-weight were significantly lower compared with the treatment groups given alternate feeding and fasting periods of either 6 or 12 h with the combined diet. The NPU values for the two groups given 12 h alternate feeding and fasting periods differed significantly, whereas the NPU values for the two groups given 6 h feeding and fasting periods were the same.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      The sequential feeding of growing chickens
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      The sequential feeding of growing chickens
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      The sequential feeding of growing chickens
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Bender, A. E. (1956). Br. J. Nutr. 10, 135.
Bender, A. E. & Doell, B. H. (1957). Br. J. Nutr. 11, 138.
Calet, C. (1967). In Protein Utilization by Poultry [Morton, R. A. and Amorosa, E. C., editors]Edinburgh and London: Oliver & Boyd.
De Muelenaere, H. J. H., Martin, R. S. & Murdoch, M. G. (1965).J. Nutr. 85, 386.
Fisher, H. (1967). In Newer Methods of Nutritional Biochemistry, vol. 3 [Albanese, A. A., editor]. New York and London: Academic Press.
Geiger, E. (1947). J. Nutr. 34, 97.
Henderson, R. & Harris, R. S. (1949). Fedn Proc. Fedn Am. Socs exp. Biol. 8, 382 Abstr.
Miller, D. S. & Payne, P. R. (1961) J. Nutr. 75, 225.
Miller, D. S. & Payne, P. R. (1964 a). Nature, Lond. 204, 480.
Miller, D. S. & Payne, P. R. (1964 b). Proc. Nutr. Soc. 23, 11.
Saunders, A. J. (1974). An evaluation of sunflower oilcake meal and fishmeal as protein sources for chickens. MSc Thesis, University of Natal, South Africa.
Schaeffer, A. J. & Geiger, E. (1947). Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. Med. 66, 309.
Sibbald, I. R., Bowland, J. P., Berg, R. T. & Robblee, A. R. (1957). J. Nutr. 62, 171.
Summers, J. D., Slinger, S. J., Sibbald, I. R. & Pepper, W. F. (1964). J. Nutr. 82, 463.
Wessels, J. P. H. (1967). S. Afr. J. agric. Sci. 10, 113.
Yang, S. P., Clark, H. E. & Vail, G. E. (1961). J. Nutr. 75, 241.
Yang, S. P., Steinhauer, J. E. & Masterson, J. E. (1963). J. Nutr. 79, 257.
Yang, S. P., Tilton, K. S. & Ryland, L. L. (1968). J. Nutr. 94, 178.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed