1Jenkins, DJA, Wolever, TMS, Taylor, RH, Barker, H, Fielden, H, Baldwin, JM, Bowling, AC, Newman, HC, Jenkins, AL & Goff, DV (1981) Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange. Am J Clin Nutr 34, 362–366.
2Salmeron, J, Ascherio, A, Rimm, EB, Colditz, GA, Spiegelman, D, Jenkins, DJ, Stampfer, MJ, Wing, AL & Willett, WC (1997) Dietary fiber, glycemic load, and risk of NIDDM in men. Diabetes Care 20, 545–550.
3Foster-Powell, K, Holt, SH & Brand-Miller, JC (2002) International table of glycemic index and glycemic load values: 2002. Am J Clin Nutr 76, 5–56.
4Hodge, AM, English, DR, O'Dea, K & Giles, GG (2004) Glycemic index and dietary fiber and the risk of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 27, 2701–2706.
5Liu, S, Willett, WC, Stampfer, MJ, Hu, FB, Franz, M, Sampson, L, Hennekens, CH & Manson, JE (2000) A prospective study of dietary glycemic load, carbohydrate intake, and risk of coronary heart disease in US women. Am J Clin Nutr 71, 1455–1461.
6Jonas, CR, McCullough, ML, Teras, LR, Walker-Thurmond, KA, Thun, MJ & Calle, EE (2003) Dietary glycemic index, glycemic load, and risk of incident breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 12, 573–577.
7Liese, AD, Gilliard, T, Schulz, M, D'Agostino, RB Jr & Wolever, TM (2007) Carbohydrate nutrition, glycaemic load, and plasma lipids: the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study. Eur Heart J 28, 80–87.
8Liu, S, Manson, JE, Stampfer, MJ, Holmes, MD, Hu, FB, Hankinson, SE & Willett, WC (2001) Dietary glycemic load assessed by food-frequency questionnaire in relation to plasma high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol and fasting plasma triacylglycerols in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr 73, 560–566.
9Liu, S, Manson, JE, Buring, JE, Stampfer, MJ, Willett, WC & Ridker, PM (2002) Relation between a diet with a high glycemic load and plasma concentrations of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in middle-aged women. Am J Clin Nutr 75, 492–498.
10Ma, Y, Olendzki, B, Chiriboga, D, Hebert, JR, Li, Y, Li, W, Campbell, MJ, Gendreau, K & Ockene, IS (2005) Association between dietary carbohydrates and body weight. Am J Epidemiol 161, 359–367.
11Murakami, K, Sasaki, S, Takahashi, Y, Okubo, H, Hosoi, Y, Horiguchi, H, Oguma, E & Kayama, F (2006) Dietary glycemic index and load in relation to metabolic risk factors in Japanese female farmers with traditional dietary habits. Am J Clin Nutr 83, 1161–1169.
12Levitan, EB, Westgren, CW, Liu, S & Wolk, A (2007) Reproducibility and validity of dietary glycemic index, dietary glycemic load, and total carbohydrate intake in 141 Swedish men. Am J Clin Nutr 85, 548–553.
13Sasaki, S, Yanagibori, R & Amano, K (1998) Self-administered diet history questionnaire developed for health education: a relative validation of the test-version by comparison with 3-day diet record in women. J Epidemiol 8, 203–215.
14Sasaki, S, Yanagibori, R & Amano, K (1998) Validity of a self-administered diet history questionnaire for assessment of sodium and potassium: comparison with single 24-hour urinary excretion. Jpn Circ J 62, 431–435.
15Sasaki, S, Ushio, F, Amano, K, Morihara, M, Todoriki, T, Uehara, Y & Toyooka, T (2000) Serum biomarker-based validation of a self-administered diet history questionnaire for Japanese subjects. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol 46, 285–296.
16Amano, Y, Kawakubo, K, Lee, JS, Tang, AC, Sugiyama, M & Mori, K (2004) Correlation between dietary glycemic index and cardiovascular disease risk factors among Japanese women. Eur J Clin Nutr 58, 1472–1478.
17Murakami, K, Sasaki, S, Okubo, H, Takahashi, Y, Hosoi, Y & Itabashi, M (2007) Dietary fiber intake, dietary glycemic index and load, and body mass index: a cross-sectional study of 3931 Japanese women aged 18–20 years. Eur J Clin Nutr, .
18Science and Technology Agency (2005) Standard Tables of Food Composition in Japan, . Tokyo: Printing Bureau of the Ministry of Finance.
19Ogawa, K, Tsubono, Y, Nishino, Y, et al. (2003) Validation of a food-frequency questionnaire for cohort studies in rural Japan. Public Health Nutr 6, 147–157.
20Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare of Japan (2006) The National Health and Nutrition Survey in Japan, 2003 (in Japanese). Tokyo: Ministry of Health and Welfare.
21Sugiyama, M, Tang, AC, Wakaki, Y & Koyama, W (2003) Glycemic index of single and mixed meal foods among common Japanese foods with white rice as a reference food. Eur J Clin Nutr 57, 743–752.
22Sugiyama, M, Wakaki, Y, Nakamoto, N, et al. (2003) The study of rice and glycemic index (article in Japanese with abstract in English). J Jpn Soc Nutr Care Manage 3, 1–15.
23Hashizume, N, Ihara, H, Kakinoki, T, Inage, H, Kimura, S & Kimura, M (2004) Response to blood glucose and insulin by Japanese foods in healthy subjects. J Jpn Soc Clin Nutr 25, 222–225.
24Fernandes, G, Velangi, A & Wolever, TM (2005) Glycemic index of potatoes commonly consumed in North America. J Am Diet Assoc 105, 557–562.
25Henry, CJK, Lightowler, HJ, Strik, CM, Renton, H & Hails, S (2005) Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values for commercially available products in the UK. Br J Nutr 94, 922–930.
27Brand-Miller, JC, Thomas, M, Swan, V, Ahmad, ZI, Petocz, P & Colagiuri, S (2003) Physiological validation of the concept of glycemic load in lean young adults. J Nutr 133, 2728–2732.
28Frost, GS, Brynes, AE, Bovill-Taylor, C & Dornhorst, A (2004) A prospective randomised trial to determine the efficacy of a low glycaemic index diet given in addition to healthy eating and weight loss advice in patients with coronary heart disease. Eur J Clin Nutr 58, 121–127.
29Neuhouser, ML, Tinker, LF, Thomson, C, et al. (2006) Development of a glycemic index database for food frequency questionnaires used in epidemiologic studies. J Nutr 136, 1604–1609.
31Matsuo, T, Mizushima, Y, Komuro, M, Sugeta, A & Suzuki, M (1999) Estimation of glycemic and insulinemic responses to short-grain rice (Japonica) and a short-grain rice-mixed meal in healthy young subjects. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 8, 190–194.
32Nielsen, BM, Bjornsbo, KS, Tetens, I & Heitmann, BL (2005) Dietary glycaemic index and glycaemic load in Danish children in relation to body fatness. Br J Nutr 94, 992–997.
33Ma, Y, Li, Y, Chiriboga, DE, Olendzki, BC, Hebert, JR, Li, W, Leung, K, Hafner, AR & Ockene, IS (2006) Association between carbohydrate intake and serum lipids. J Am Coll Nutr 25, 155–163.
34Willett, WC (1998) Nutritional Epidemiology, 2nd ed.New York: Oxford University Press.
35Beaton, GH, Milner, J, Corey, P, et al. (1979) Sources of variance in 24-hour dietary recall data: implications for nutrition study design and interpretation. Am J Clin Nutr 32, 2546–2559.
36Hui, LL & Nelson, EAS (2006) Meal glycaemic load of normal-weight and overweight Hong Kong children. Eur J Clin Nutr 60, 220–227.
37Liu, S & Willett, WC (2002) Dietary glycemic load and atherothrombotic risk. Curr Atheroscler Rep 4, 454–461.
38Coulston, AM, Hollenbeck, CB, Swislocki, AL & Reaven, GM (1987) Effect of source of dietary carbohydrate on plasma glucose and insulin responses to mixed meals in subjects with NIDDM. Diabetes Care 10, 395–400.
39Hollenbeck, CB & Coulston, AM (1991) The clinical utility of the glycemic index and its application to mixed meals. Can J Physiol Pharmacol 69, 100–107.
40Wolever, TM & Jenkins, DJ (1986) The use of the glycemic index in predicting the blood glucose response to mixed meals. Am J Clin Nutr 43, 167–172.
41Chew, I, Brand, JC, Thorburn, AW & Truswell, AS (1988) Application of glycemic index to mixed meals. Am J Clin Nutr 47, 53–56.
42Wolever, TM, Jenkins, DJ, Jenkins, AL & Josse, RG (1991) The glycemic index: methodology and clinical implications. Am J Clin Nutr 54, 846–854.