The authors are extremely grateful to all the lactating and pre-pregnant women and their families for their willingness to participate in the present study. The authors thank the women volunteers (kaders) and enumerators for their contribution during the data collection and the government and health representatives at all levels for their contribution to the study.
The authors also thank PT Sarihusada Generasi Mahardhika (SGM) and PT Nutricia Indonesia Sejahtera (NIS) for providing financial support to the present study. The study was sponsored by SGM and NIS but this had no influence on the outcome of the study. T. S., L. M., J. B. are employees of SGM, NIS and Nutricia Research, respectively.
The authors’ contributions are as follows: S. M., R. R., D. B., N. A., L. N., L. M., J. B. conceived and designed the study; S. M., D. B., R. R., Z. Z., T. S., L. M. were involved in the execution of the study; S. M., D. B., R. R., Z. Z., N. A., L. N., T. S., L. M., J. B. were involved in evaluation of the data and writing of the manuscript.
None of the authors has any personal or financial conflicts of interest.
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